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All about Mercury, the Liquid Metal | Element Series

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  • All about Mercury, the Liquid Metal | Element Series

    12:06

    In this video, I'll be talking about the very interesting element Mercury. I try to cover as much as I can, including its properties, its history and interesting reactions.

    Let me know what other element you would like to see. Keep in mind that this takes a lot of work though, and that not all elements will be possible (due to rarity and/or danger).

    Let me know if I forgot anything in the description. I probably left out links or something.

    ------------------------------------------

    Video Sources:

    Freezing Mercury (Periodic Videos):
    Hand in mercury (Cody's Lab):

    Mercury Distillation:
    Mercury Vapor (Periodic Videos):

    Mercury Switches:
    Mercury Conductivity Test:

    Pharaoh's Serpent (original):
    Mercury Nitrate:
    Pharaoh's Serpent 4K:

    Nile talks about lab safety:

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  • Mercury - Periodic Table of Videos

    5:13

    The liquid metal Mercury is element number 80.
    More links in description below ↓↓↓

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    From the School of Chemistry at The University of Nottingham:

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  • Mercury ***

    5:56



    Watch this video about the element mercury. An ideal educational resource for chemistry students, schools and teachers. What is mercury? Information and facts regarding the element mercury. Info about the element mercury including the definition, name classification, history, discovery and occurrence. The physical properties and chemical properties of this element together with the uses of mercury.

  • Why is the metal Mercury in liquid state?|Chemical Bonds and Molecular structure-Inspired by Science

    2:06

    #Mercury #lmes #Mercurymetal #chemicalbond #kids #educationalvideos #Inspiredbyscience #kidsscience

    This animated science video explains the reasons that make Mercury remain in liquid state despite being classified into a metal.


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  • COULD YOU... WALK on the liquid metal MERCURY?

    6:24

    In this video we compare the densities between other objects and try to come to a reasonable conclusion about the possibility of walking on the surface of this strange liquid metal.

    Mercury is NOT a non-newtonian fluid. It's just a really dense fluid.

    Density of Mercury: 13.534 g/cm3
    Density of water: 1.0 g/cm3
    Density of Hassmium: 41 g/cm3
    Density of Human body: 1.062 g/cm3
    Density of Aerogel: 0.01 g/cm3

    Mercury is a hazardous material that is VERY easy to spill and difficult to clean up. We use every precaution to prevent this and urge our viewers to avoid handling mercury at all. It is difficult to obtain but not impossible.

  • Mercury On My Hand - Liquid Mercury Metal In Hindi

    4:51

    Liquid Mercury and most of its compounds are extremely toxic and must be handled with care

    Due to the health effects of mercury exposure, industrial and commercial uses are regulated in many countries

    Toxic effects include damage to the brain, kidneys and lungs. Mercury poisoning can result in several diseases, including Hunter-Russell syndrome, and Minamata disease

    Thanks for watching Have Fun.

  • x
  • Mercury

    7:01

    I demonstrate some basic physical properties of mercury.

  • All about mercury: why a metal throbs like a living heart?

    2:47

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  • Liquid Metal that is Safe to Touch and Play with

    2:35

    Buy on Amazon - - Video by Business Insider - ...Music: Flying Dream by Dhruva Aliman - ...Gallium is a chemical element with symbol Ga and atomic number 31. It is in group 13 of the periodic table, and thus has similarities to the other metals of the group, aluminium, indium, and thallium. Gallium does not occur as a free element in nature, but as gallium(III) compounds in trace amounts in zinc ores and in bauxite. Elemental gallium is a soft, silvery blue metal at standard temperature and pressure, a brittle solid at low temperatures, and a liquid at temperatures greater than 29.76 °C (85.57 °F) (slightly above room temperature). The melting point of gallium is used as a temperature reference point. The alloy galinstan (68.5% gallium, 21.5% indium, and 10% tin) has an even lower melting point of −19 °C (−2 °F), well below the freezing point of water.

    Since its discovery in 1875, gallium has been used to make alloys with low melting points. It is also used in semiconductors as a dopant in semiconductor substrates.

    Gallium is predominantly used in electronics. Gallium arsenide, the primary chemical compound of gallium in electronics, is used in microwave circuits, high-speed switching circuits, and infrared circuits. Semiconductive gallium nitride and indium gallium nitride produce blue and violet light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and diode lasers. Gallium is also used in the production of artificial gadolinium gallium garnet for jewelry.

    Gallium has no known natural role in biology. Gallium(III) behaves in a similar manner to ferric salts in biological systems, and has been used in some medical applications, including pharmaceuticals and radiopharmaceuticals. Gallium is used in thermometers as a non-toxic and environmentally friendly alternative to mercury and can withstand higher temperatures than mercury.

    In 1871, the existence of gallium was first predicted by Russian chemist Dmitri Mendeleev, who named it eka-aluminium from its position in his periodic table. He also predicted several properties of eka-aluminium that correspond closely to the real properties of gallium, such as its density, melting point, oxide character and bonding in chloride.

    Mendeleev further predicted that eka-aluminium would be discovered by means of the spectroscope, and that metallic eka-aluminium would dissolve slowly in both acids and alkalis and would not react with air. He also predicted that M2O3 would dissolve in acids to give MX3 salts, that eka-aluminium salts would form basic salts, that eka-aluminium sulfate should form alums, and that anhydrous MCl3 should have a greater volatility than ZnCl2: all of these predictions turned out to be true.

    Gallium was discovered using spectroscopy by French chemist Paul Emile Lecoq de Boisbaudran in 1875 from its characteristic spectrum (two violet lines) in a sample of sphalerite. Later that year, Lecoq obtained the free metal by electrolysis of the hydroxide in potassium hydroxide solution. He named the element gallia, from Latin Gallia meaning Gaul, after his native land of France. It was later claimed that, in one of those multilingual puns so beloved by men of science in the 19th century, he had also named gallium after himself: Le coq is French for the rooster and the Latin word for rooster is gallus. In an 1877 article, Lecoq denied this conjecture. Originally, de Boisbaudran determined the density of gallium as 4.7 g/cm3, the only property that failed to match Mendeleev's predictions; Mendeleev then wrote to him and suggested that he should remeasure the density, and de Boisbaudran then obtained the correct value of 5.9 g/cm3, that Mendeleev had predicted almost exactly.

    From its discovery in 1875 until the era of semiconductors, the primary uses of gallium were high-temperature thermometrics and metal alloys with unusual properties of stability or ease of melting (some such being liquid at room temperature). The development of gallium arsenide as a direct band gap semiconductor in the 1960s ushered in the most important stage in the applications of gallium.

    Elemental gallium is not found in nature, but it is easily obtained by smelting. Very pure gallium metal has a silvery color and its solid metal fractures conchoidally like glass. Gallium liquid expands by 3.1% when it solidifies; therefore, it should not be stored in glass or metal containers because the container may rupture when the gallium changes state. Gallium shares the higher-density liquid state with a short list of other materials that includes water, silicon, germanium, antimony, bismuth, and plutonium.

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  • What is Mercury Poisoning? | National Geographic

    1:40

    Also known as quicksilver, mercury (Hg) was once thought to heal broken bones and prolong life. Today, this chemical element is known to be a dangerous neurotoxin. Mercury poses a range of serious health risks including kidney damage, memory loss, and even death. From burning fossil fuels to eating contaminated swordfish and tuna, learn about the causes of mercury poisoning and how regulating use could prevent future risk.
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    What is Mercury Poisoning? | National Geographic

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  • experiments with the liquid metal mercury IV

    2:17

    in this episode: a little insight on mercury toxicity, as a response to all the comments on my other experiments with the liquid metal mercury videos.

    MUSIC: VALVE SOFTWARE - STILL ALIVE (from the video game PORTAL)

  • Why is Mercury a Liquid?

    2:56

    My first video in response to a specific question I received. Do you have any questions you want answered? Let me know, and be sure to subscribe. Thanks for watching.
    Cool Chemistry Merchandise Here:

  • what happens when you Boil Mercury Metal ? | Boiling Mercury Experiment | Unexpected Result ????

    4:36

    hello friends Today we Trying to boil mercury metal, i am shocked what happens after we boiling mercury metal, must watch till end. Mercury experiments and mercury experiments in hindi

    mercury

    #boiling #mercury


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  • What If Oceans Were Liquid Mercury?

    6:16

    What's shiny, liquid, conducts electricity and is also the surname of a legendary rock star? You guessed it, mercury. This naturally occurring element has a lot of uses, but it's also quite dangerous; even a tiny amount can be poisonous. So what if we had oceans of it? Could Earth harbor oceans of liquid mercury? How would it affect the planet? Would we survive?

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  • What does the LIQUID METAL Mercury look like BOILING?

    3:10

    Have you ever seen mercury boiling? Many viewers wanted to see what it looks like.
    I had to do a little thinking for this project and come up with a way of boiling mercury, but not release ANY fumes (off-gassing). There were many risks involved with this. If I had over-pressurized the glass test tubes, they could have blown up. Using this device, I was able to control the internal pressures and prevent that.

    I have over 30 mercury demonstration videos in an easy to watch playlist:



    rev. 1.7.15

  • You Can MELT METAL In Your HAND! - Liquid Metal Science Experiments

    8:45

    Gallium metal melts at about 30ºC 86ºF so you can melt it in your hand or warm water, and pour it into molds. Great fun science experiment.

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    Music: Olde Timey Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com)
    Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 License

  • 15 Completely Hazardous Mercury Experiments

    6:08

    15 different oddball, wacky, and seemingly careless mercury experiments that we have done - most are viewer-suggestions!
    I plan to start making some new Hg videos in the future. I really hate dealing with the stuff, to be honest, as it requires a lot of safety precautions, special prep and post-clean up stuff.

    One should not play with mercury as it is a hazardous material. I was trained to deal with mercury spills and probably am more qualified than anyone you know.

  • BOILING the Liquid Metal - MERCURY -SCIENCE!

    3:05

    Quite a few people wanted to see what mercury looked like boiling in slow motion. It's hard to see what's going on in real time, so I shot it at 300 and 1200 frames per second. They don't call it quick silver for nothing.

    Mercury Playlist:

  • Floating an Anvil on Liquid Mercury

    4:33

    I put an Iron anvil in a tub of mercury.

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  • Can I Stand On Liquid Mercury?

    8:48

    To find out I put almost 8 flasks (640lbs) in a reinforced plastic tub and step in.
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  • Mercury Is A Gold Eater !! Mercury Reaction With Pure Gold And Silver - Shocking Results

    8:23

    Mercury Reaction with 24k Pure Gold and silver . Dosto is video me maine para yani mercury ko chandi aur sone me ghola hai yani reaction karvayi hai .

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    In this video i will make alloy or Amalgam with Amalgamation Reaction or process .

    Gold reaction with mercury

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    Dissolving Gold in Mercury

  • F-Js Physics - Mercury Metal

    9:47

    Mercury - the liquid metal at room temperature.

  • Mercury Liquid Metal

    45

  • OMG..!!! How Mercury Dances.. Nature of Parada/ Liquid Metal Facts

    1:00

    Mercury..the liquid metal nature..how it divides

  • Mercury: The Liquid Metal

    3:00

    A demonstration of this metal's fluidity, how to view its vapours, and whether a magnet has any noticeable effects on it.



    Music: Near's Theme, Death Note OST #3

  • How to Remove Mercury Switch from Thermostat - Liquid Metal!

    4:20

    I show you how to extract the mercury from an old mercury thermostat.

    Credit to Helene and Bob Weil for the thermostat.

  • 20 Amazing Science Demos Using MERCURY

    6:25

    Many viewers have wanted me to compile my mercury videos into a single video. Some are simple and seemingly mundane while others seem to defy physics. Mercury has such odd properties. It is extremely dense, it has a VERY high surface tension, it is electrically conductive, and it is a metal that is a liquid at low temperatures. It only appears to be similar to gallium, but everything else is quite unique and extreme to mercury, including toxicity.

    Mercury is hazardous and you should not attempt to do these experiments for your own safety.



    The song information is in the video. Please watch all the video.

    My videos are copyrighted. Please do not re-upload any of my work.

  • Mercury: Thats one heavy element, man.

    5:10

  • Mercury the liquid metal.

    1:13

    Hindi

  • experiments with the liquid metal mercury II

    9:13

    superconducting... creating an amalgam... vibrating mercury... frozen mercury... it's all here, so check it out! :-)

  • Make Mercury Metal

    6:05

    Today I perform the decomposition reaction of mercury (II) oxide (also known as mercuric oxide), which produces oxygen gas and mercury metal. Then, I test the oxygen to see if it is pure or not by using a charred splint.

    Have any suggestions for videos in the future? Leave them in the comments!
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    Soaring, Wallpaper Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com)
    Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 License

  • Mercury - dangerous material

    10:46

    Public health and environmental professionals discuss how mercury can be a danger in the home and elsewhere. Mercury doesn't need to be in our homes and can be recycled.

  • Interesting facts about Element Mercury

    4:10

    Interesting facts about Element Mercury
    Mercury is an element with the symbol Hg and atomic number 80. Mercury known by comes from its Greek name , Hydrargyrum which means liquid silver to reflect its shiny surface.
    The element is also known as quick silver for its quick mobility. Named after the fastest moving planet in the solar system Mercury.


    Disclaimer- Some contents are used for educational purpose under fair use. Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for fair use for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use.

    Thank you.

  • Using Mercury/Gallium as a computer CPU coolant? Ask a Scientist Show 1.2

    5:25

    This Ask a Scientist Show episode investigates the use of mercury as a computer CPU coolant. However, given the toxic nature of mercury, gallium is used as a liquid metal coolant to replace mercury in a real-world test.

  • Bromine - THE UNIQUE LIQUID ELEMENT!

    12:30

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  • Mercury - an alien metal

    3:24

    There is alien inside every mercury metal droplet. They just wait for the right moment to conquer world, but Dr Chemicum shows you how to beat them up, make mercury bleeding and finally blow up.
    Some tricks are shown here how to kill badass mercury terminators or snakes when they have escaped from thermometers. If you see them, contact Dr Chemicum until these aliens are small, before it is too late!

    Reactions:
    Aluminum and mercury
    Heart beating reaction
    Mercury bleeding reaction
    Mercury hibernation reaction
    Snake or pharaoh serpent
    Exploding mercury, fulminate

    More:
    Gallium - the terminator metal



    Mercurio escapó del termómetro, pero el doctor Chemicum logró matar al criminal.
    Mercúrio escapou do termômetro, mas o Dr. Chemicum conseguiu matar o metal criminal.
    Quecksilber entkam aus dem Thermometer, aber Dr. Chemicum gelang es, das kriminelle Metall zu töten.
    Elavhõbe põgenes termomeetrist aga Dr Chemicumil õnnestus see kriminaalne element rajalt maha võtta.
    Mercury s'est échappé du thermomètre, mais le Dr Chemicum a réussi à tuer le métal criminel.
    Меркурий вырвался из термометра, но д-ру Chemicum удалось убить криминального металла.
    수은은 온도계에서 빠져 나갔지 만 Chemicum 박사는 그 범죄 금속을 죽였다.
    水星从温度计逃脱,但Chemicum医生设法杀死了金属犯罪。
    Lumabas ang Mercury mula sa thermometer, ngunit pinamumunuan ni Dr Chemicum na patayin ang kriminal na metal.
    水銀が水銀から逃げ出したが、Chemicum博士は犯罪の金属を殺した。
    Video by Tavo Romann
    Copyright Supeaccu OÜ.

  • MERCURY vs LEAD - Rare experiment from 1952

    3:31

    In this video we are taking two very nasty and super-hazardous materials, lead and mercury, and alloying them together. This is also called an amalgam. This is guaranteed to make every heavy-metal-phobe, cringe in horror.
    This experiment is based off a paper written in 1952 and is nearly unheard of today.
    The lead amalgam cup we create is supposed to hold water, but when mercury is poured in it, will leak like a sieve. I deviated from the original paper QUITE a bit yet the results were the same.
    An amalgam is the term for any metal that is combined or alloyed with mercury to form a new compound. The cup we create is hydrophobic, but allows mercury to seep through it.

    This idea was submitted by a science teacher, Mr. Beisel who told me he shows my mercury videos in his class to his students. There's no compliment better than that!

    rev. 12/17

  • MERCURY centrifugal MIRROR - Liquid metal

    3:27

    We spin mercury and create a natural paraboloidal shape. Because it costs so much to produce large parabolic glass mirrors, some observatories have opted to use liquid mirrors. The problem is they can only look straight up. These are called zenith telescopes.

    I used a rather clunky turntable to spin my bowl of mercury. Despite its appearance, it was very stable.

    Spinning the Hg causes it to be pushed outwards through centripetal force to form a nearly perfect bowl shape.

    Gallium Liquid Mirror video:


    Here is a photo of a large, liquid mirror telescope.

  • PLAYING WITH LIQUID METAL!!! Melting Gallium Fidget Spinner Experiment!

    11:44

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    Today we're doing a little experiment with Gallium! Gallium is a non-toxic metal (atomic number 31 on the periodic table of elements) which has a low melting point of 85. degrees F (29.76 degrees C). This means that it can melt outside on a hot day or even if you hold in in your hand! We thought we'd try and make some items using this interesting metal. We first try and make LEGO minifigures using a rubber ice cube mold. Then we try and make a Batman fidget spinner using Plasticine modeling clay and Gene from the Emoji Movie. And of course, we couldn't end the video without MELTING EVERYTHING!

    Production Music courtesy of Epidemic Sound

  • Mercury Drops in Slow Motion - Liquid Metal dripping and bouncing in detail

    3:38

    Liquid Mercury in slow motion - Showing this liquid metal's fantastic properties due to the surface tension of pure elemental mercury (Hg).
    A result of the nature of metallic bond.

    Watch, enjoy and learn!

    A quantity of 20g of pure elementary Mercury (Hg) is poured into a 250ml beaker. Some of the mercury is sucked up with a pipette and dropped down onto and near the remaining mercury in the beaker to observe it's unique physical behavior. Nearby or touching beads of mercury are being pulled together strongly. All beads up to a certain size present a perfect round shape and bounce when being dropped on a hard surface.

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  • Liquid metal | Michael Dickey | TEDxNCSSM

    19:07

    Dr. Dickey received a BS in Chemical Engineering from the Georgia Institute of Technology and a PhD in Chemical Engineering from the University of Texas at Austin. He was a post-doctoral fellow in the lab of Professor George Whitesides at Harvard University. He then joined the Department of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering at NC State University, where he is currently an Associate Professor. Dr. Dickey’s research interests include interdisciplinary problems that involve thin-films, interfaces, soft materials, and micro- and nanofabrication. His research has applications in a number of areas including stretchable electronics, smart materials, soft/biomimetic electronics, and energy harvesting. His research program seeks to understand structure-property relationships such that they can be harnessed in a useful manner and develop new unconventional approaches to fabricate and assemble structures – such as self-folding origami and 3-D printing of liquid metals.

    Dr. Dickey received a BS in Chemical Engineering from the Georgia Institute of Technology and a PhD in Chemical Engineering from the University of Texas at Austin. He was a post-doctoral fellow in the lab of Professor George Whitesides at Harvard University. He then joined the Department of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering at NC State University, where he is currently an Associate Professor. Dr. Dickey’s research interests include interdisciplinary problems that involve thin-films, interfaces, soft materials, and micro- and nanofabrication. His research has applications in a number of areas including stretchable electronics, smart materials, soft/biomimetic electronics, and energy harvesting. His research program seeks to understand structure-property relationships such that they can be harnessed in a useful manner and develop new unconventional approaches to fabricate and assemble structures – such as self-folding origami and 3-D printing of liquid metals.

    This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at

  • experiments with the liquid metal mercury

    4:35

    some experiments with mercury.

    sorry for my left hand being in the way in the conducting experiment, i didnt notice that until i remixed the videos.

    producing amalgam from mixing copper (the two coins) and mercury didnt work, as obviously my mercury is pure (while it needs to be some (rather dangerous) compound to react with copper). need to find out more about that myself, sorry.

    ps: the twinkling stuff you can see on my hands after i handled the mercury are glass fragments from mercury's original case (they sort of stay attached to mercury on the surface - so does fat or dust).

  • What is Mercury?

    1:44

    Mr.Z
    FLS
    What is mercury

    Physical Properties:
    -Very liquid like type of metal
    -Odorless type of element
    -Appearance:Silver white, heavy, mobile, liquid metal.
    -Solubility: insoluble in water.

    Chemical Properties for mercury:
    Melting point: -38.9 Degrees C
    Boiling Point: 356.6 Degrees C
    Isotopes: 12
    Density: 13.6 g/cm-3 at 20 Degrees C



    Sources:





  • Sodium + Potassium = Strange Liquid Metal!

    2:54

    Please note that this video was made solely for demonstration purposes! Do not attempt to repeat the experiments shown in this video!
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    So today we will find out what happens when you combine two active alkali metals - sodium and potassium. For this, I took a piece of sodium and potassium, and began to rub them against each other within the evaporating dish. To prevent the alloy from oxidation by being exposed to air, I’ve decided to conduct the melting of sodium and potassium under a layer of kerosene. Since potassium is a very soft metal, it immediately deforms and wrinkles. Over time, a liquid alloy of sodium and potassium is formed at the point of contact of the two metals, which is instantly being covered by a gray oxide film. This alloy remains in liquid state from minus 12 to plus 785 degrees Celsius. It is a very dangerous alloy because it is more active than sodium or potassium on their own. I’m filling the syringe with a little bit of the alloy and, as you can see, alloy has a glossy surface inside the syringe, such as mercury. Now I’m dripping sodium potassium alloy into the water. As can be seen alloy instantly ignites in water forming burning droplets. If you drop this alloy on the wet surface, the alloy will also light up, sometimes with an explosion. In the end I poured the remaining alloy into the water. Sodium potassium alloy is used in nuclear reactors as a coolant, as well as in metallurgy. Subscribe to my channel to see many more new and interesting experiments.
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  • Gallium Metal Crushed By Hydraulic Press Becomes Liquid Metal

    5:39

    In this video I crush the pure element gallium with a hydraulic press. I show how the gallium becomes a liquid at just above room temperature. Then I pour the gallium into a mold to make the ingot that I will crush in the hydraulic press. I take the ingot and then crush it in the hydraulic press. As the press comes down it melts the gallium. It is not actually form the pressure of the press, but from the temperature increase from heating up due to getting crushed by the hydraulic press and also due to the hydraulic press being a little warm enough to melt the gallium. After I crush it the gallium becomes solid again, so in order to remove it from the hydraulic press I put the metal plate in some warm water and then just pour it off. If you would like to know where I got my gallium from, I just ordered it from Amazon. Here is the link if you want to get your own. It is awesome. Not know to be toxic so you can play with it unlike mercury.

    Where I got my gallium:


    Photo credit:

    By en:user:foobar - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0,

    Here is a link to my new science channel:


    For more awesome videos checkout:
    Bullet Proof Glass Crushed With Hydraulic Press and Steel Ball Bearing


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    Hydraulic Press Crushes Pasta-It's A Pasta Press!


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    Silly Putty Crushed By Hydraulic Press | Non-Newtonian Fluid


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    Baby Wipes Crushed by Hydraulic Press!



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  • Dr. Joe Schwarcz on the secrets of mercury

    3:23

    Dr. Joe Schwarcz, Director of McGill University’s Office for Science and Society, on this incredible liquid element, its properties, dangers and uses through the ages.

  • Mercury

    40

    This element is a complex metal that has much visual imagery associated with it, but the traditional alchemical symbol is the most iconic. The association with the planet Mercury (and hence astrology) is perhaps where many people will have seen this symbol used before. The dragon or serpent in the background is derived from early alchemical drawings and is often seen in association with the element.

    © Murray Robertson - Mercury from a visual interpretation of the periodic table of elements, available from

  • Liquid Metal

    3:01

    Liquid metal has unique properties. It is quite fascinating. I have always wanted to get hold of some mercury, but I haven't managed to get hold of any. So here is the next best thing, Solder. (and yes, I was actually meant to be soldering something useful, but messing about is more fun).

  • mercury the metal liquid pictures

    37

    mercury the metal liquid pictures edited by me!

  • Mercury Hg: the liquid metal 3 Kg - mercurio

    3:30

    3 chili di mercurio, metallo liquido del gruppo IIB, periodo VI.
    Attenzione! il mercurio è altamente tossico, evapora lentamente all'aria e i suoi effetti sono cumulativi.
    xlollitox: iscrivetevi, commentate e votate!

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