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Full History of Earth in 10 Minutes

  • Full History of Earth in 10 Minutes


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  • The History of the Universe in 10 Minutes


    A brief history of the universe, from the big bang to the origin of mankind.

    Created and reuploaded with permission of UppruniTegundanna. Check out his channel for more amazing videos.

    Big Bang:
    Stellar Nucleosynthesis:
    Supernova Nucleosynthesis:
    Protoplanetary Disk:
    Late Heavy Bombardment:
    Extinction Events on Earth:
    Cretaceous--Tertiary extinction event:

  • History Of Earth In 9 Minutes


    The history of Earth covers approximately 4.54 billion years, from Earth's formation out of the solar nebula to the present. And we have compressed billions of years of our history into 9 minutes.

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  • The History of Earth - How Our Planet Formed - Full Documentary HD


    In the very beginning of earth's history, this planet was a giant, red hot, roiling, boiling sea of molten rock - a magma ocean. The heat had been generated by the repeated high speed collisions of much smaller bodies of space rocks that continually clumped together as they collided to form this planet. As the collisions tapered off the earth began to cool, forming a thin crust on its surface. As the cooling continued, water vapor began to escape and condense in the earth's early atmosphere. Clouds formed and storms raged, raining more and more water down on the primitive earth, cooling the surface further until it was flooded with water, forming the seas.

    It is theorized that the true age of the earth is about 4.6 billion years old, formed at about the same time as the rest of our solar system. The oldest rocks geologists have been able to find are 3.9 billion years old. Using radiometric dating methods to determine the age of rocks means scientists have to rely on when the rock was initially formed (as in - when its internal minerals first cooled). In the infancy of our home planet the entire earth was molten rock - a magma ocean.

    Since we can only measure as far back in time as we had solid rock on this planet, we are limited in how we can measure the real age of the earth. Due to the forces of plate tectonics, our planet is also a very dynamic one; new mountains forming, old ones wearing down, volcanoes melting and reshaping new crust. The continual changing and reshaping of the earth's surface that involves the melting down and reconstructing of old rock has pretty much eliminated most of the original rocks that came with earth when it was newly formed. So the age is a theoretical age.

    When Did Life on Earth Begin?

    Scientists are still trying to unravel one of the greatest mysteries of earth: When did life first appear and how did it happen? It is estimated that the first life forms on earth were primitive, one-celled creatures that appeared about 3 billion years ago. That's pretty much all there was for about the next two billion years. Then suddenly those single celled organisms began to evolve into multicellular organisms. Then an unprecedented profusion of life in incredibly complex forms began to fill the oceans. Some crawled from the seas and took residence on land, perhaps to escape predators in the ocean. A cascading chain of new and increasingly differentiated forms of life appeared all over the planet, only to be virtually annihilated by an unexplained mass extinction. It would be the first of several mass extinctions in Earth's history.

    Scientists have been looking increasingly to space to explain these mass extinctions that have been happening almost like clockwork since the beginning of living time. Perhaps we've been getting periodically belted by more space rocks (ie. asteroids), or the collision of neutron stars happening too close for comfort? Each time a mass extinction occurred, life found a way to come back from the brink. Life has tenaciously clung to this small blue planet for the last three billion years. Scientists are finding new cues as to how life first began on earth in some really interesting places - the deep ocean.

  • The Whole History of the Earth and Life 【Finished Edition】


    Revised edition :
    This is a documentary which portrays the birth of the solar system, the birth of the Earth, and the emergence and evolution of life on Earth depicted through latest research activities.
    Executive producer: prof. Shigenori Maruyama. Supported by Hadean Bioscience Project.
    1. The Origin of the Earth. 00:00
     4.567 billion years ago : The formation of the Solar System.
     4.56 billion years:ago : The formation of the Earth.
     4.55 billion years ago : Giant impact.
    2. Initiation of Plate Tectonics. 02:53
     4.37-4.20 billion years ago : The formation of the atmosphere and ocean.
     4.37-4.20 billion years ago : The initiation plate tectonics.
    3. Birth of Proto-life. 06:57
     4.10(4.20?) billion years ago : The birth of first proto-life.
    4. The Initial Stage of Life. 10:53
     4.37-4.20 billion years ago : The loss of the primordial continent and the generation of a strong geomagnetic field.
     4.20 billion years ago : The emergence of sun-powered life.
     4.10 billion tears ago : Mass extinction.
    5. Second Stage of Evolution of Life. 16:36
     2.90 billion years ago : The emergence of photosynthetic life.
     2.70 billion years ago : Mantle overturn.
    6. Third Stage of the Evolution of Life. 20:35
     2.30 billion years ago : Mass extinction by snowball Earth.
     2.10 billion years ago : From prokaryotes to eukaryotes.
    7: The Dawn of the Cambrian Explosion. 25:07
     1.90-0.80 billion tears ago : The Formation of a Supercontinent.
     700-600 million years ago : The Sturtian Glaciation
     700-600 million years ago : The Leaking Earth.
    8: The Cambrian Explosion. 30:57
     640 million years ago : The Origin of Multicellular Life. The Marinoan Glaciation.
     580 million years ago : Appearance of Ediacaran Fauna. The Gaskiers Glaciation.
     550 million years ago : Evolution Responds to Environmental Changes
     540 million years ago : The First Cambrian Organisms
    9: The Paleozoic Era. 37:06
     600 million years ago : Expanding Habitats.
     540 million years ago : The Co-evolution of Planets and Insects
     550-540 million years ago : The Evolution of Vertebrates
     260-250 million years ago : The Largest Mass extinction of the Phanerozoic Eon. Collision with a Dark nebula
    10: From the Mesozoic to the birth of human beings. 43:23
     Dispersion and amalgamation of continents, and the evolution of life.
     The birth of primates.
    11: The Humanozoic eon : the appearance of human beings and civilization. 50:26
     Evolution into primates.
     The birth of human beings, the fourth animal category : the Humanozoic eon.
     10000 years ago : The Agricultural Revolution.
     5000 years ago : The Urban Revolution.
     2400 years ago : The Religious Revolution.
     300 years ago : The Industrial Revolution.
     The Information Revolution.
    12: Future of the Earth. 57:54
     Challenges for Human society.
     Future of Human society.
     Future of the Earth.
     200 million years later : Formation of the supercontinent.
     400 million years later : Extinction of the C4 plants.
     1 billion years later : Cessation of plate tectonics.
     1.5 billion years later : Disappearance of the ocean.
     4.5 billion years later : Collision between the Milky Way Galaxy and the Andromeda Galaxy.
     8 billion years later : Annihilation of the Earth.
    Kaoru GreenEmerald

  • Entire History of Earth in 10 mins | Tamil


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  • History of the Earth


    The history of the Earth from its formation to present day, covering major events throughout its 4-billion-year history. Estimates of average temperature, atmospheric composition, and day length are given. The reconstruction is based off of the companion video ( with changes to the coastline.

    Forgot to add this event, but the little boom is in the video.:
    (Impacts 2023Ma) Vredefort impact - This impact is the largest confirmed crater on Earth at 300 km wide. It is found in South Africa.

    Music from
    “Division”, “Ever Mindful”, “Soaring”, “Revival”, “Ossuary 6” by Kevin MacLeod (
    License: CC BY (

  • TIMELAPSE OF THE FUTURE: A Journey to the End of Time


    Support my work on Patreon: | Get the soundtrack: | How's it all gonna end? This experience takes us on a journey to the end of time, trillions of years into the future, to discover what the fate of our planet and our universe may ultimately be.

    We start in 2019 and travel exponentially through time, witnessing the future of Earth, the death of the sun, the end of all stars, proton decay, zombie galaxies, possible future civilizations, exploding black holes, the effects of dark energy, alternate universes, the final fate of the cosmos - to name a few.

    This is a picture of the future as painted by modern science - a picture that will surely evolve over time as we dig for more clues to how our story will unfold. Much of the science is very recent - and new puzzle pieces are still waiting to be found.

    To me, this overhead view of time gives a profound perspective - that we are living inside the hot flash of the Big Bang, the perfect moment to soak in the sights and sounds of a universe in its glory days, before it all fades away. Although the end will eventually come, we have a practical infinity of time to play with if we play our cards right. The future may look bleak, but we have enormous potential as a species.

    Featuring the voices of David Attenborough, Craig Childs, Brian Cox, Neil deGrasse Tyson, Michelle Thaller, Lawrence Krauss, Michio Kaku, Mike Rowe, Phil Plait, Janna Levin, Stephen Hawking, Sean Carroll, Alex Filippenko, and Martin Rees.

    Big thanks to Protocol Labs for their support of this creation:

    And to my Patreon supporters: Juan Benet, Kalexan, Laine Boswell, Holly, Dave & Debbie Boswell, Abraxas, Alina Sigaeva, Aksel Tjønn, Daniel Saltzman, Crystal, Eico Neumann, geekiskhan, Giulia Carrozzino, Hannah Murphy, Jeremy Kerwin, JousterL, Lars Støttrup Nielsen, Leonard van Vliet, Mitchel Mattera, Nathan Paskett, Patrick Cullen, Randall Bollig, Roman Shishkin, Silas Rech, Stefan Stettner, The Cleaner, Timothy E Plum, Virtual_271, Westin Johnson, Yannic, and Anna & Tyson.

    Soundtrack now available: and coming soon to iTunes/Spotify/Etc

    Peace and love,


    Concept, music, writing, edit, and visual effects by melodysheep, with additional visual material sourced from:

    NASA Goddard
    Into the Universe with Stephen Hawking
    BMW X1
    Journey to the Edge of the Universe
    How the Universe Works
    Deep Impact
    Wonders of the Universe
    Moon raker vfx reel
    Voyage of Time

    Voice sample sources:

    Attenborough Davos Speech
    Craig Childs - Long Now Talk
    Brian Cox - Wonders of the Universe Episode 1
    Neil deGrasse Tyson interview with Bill Moyers
    How the Universe Works - Season 3 Episode 2
    Will The Universe Ever End with Lawrence Krauss
    Janna Levin TED Talk
    A Brief History of Time (1991)
    What Happens in the Far Far Future
    Sean Carroll TEDxCaltech
    Alex Filippenko - TEDxSF
    To Infinity and Beyond: The Accelerating Universe
    Martin Rees interview

    Help us caption & translate this video!

  • History of planet Earth in 10 minutes Feat. Gaia


    History of planet Earth in 10 minutes [Feat. Gaia]

    Original source:

  • Our Story in 1 Minute


    Get the song on iTunes:
    // A tapestry of footage tracing the cosmic and biological origins of our species, set to original music.
    Also on Bandcamp:

    Inspired by:

    Video sources:

    Through The Wormhole with Morgan Freeman
    Into the Universe with Stephen Hawking
    Do We Really Need the Moon? BBC
    How Planet Earth Was Made
    David Attenborough's First Life
    Dinosaurs Alive
    Journey to the Edge of the Universe
    Last Day of the Dinosaurs
    Walking With Cavemen
    Human Planet
    Mankind: The Story of All of Us
    Hubble Ultra Deep Field
    Wonders of the Universe
    Quest for Fire
    The Tree of Life



    Support me on Patreon: On a cosmic time scale, human history is as brief as the blink of an eye. By compressing all 13.8 billion years of time into a 10 minute scale, this video shows just how young we truly are, and just how ancient and vast our universe is. Starting with the big bang and culminating in the appearance of homo sapiens, this experience follows the unfolding of time at 22 million years per second, adhering closely to current scientific understanding.

    Narration by Brian Cox, Carl Sagan, and David Attenborough.

    Concept, music, editing, sound design, and select VFX by melodysheep.

    Soundtrack now on bandcamp:

    Massive thanks to Protocol Labs for sponsoring this video: 

     In addition to custom footage, this video samples a large library of content from many sources, including NASA, Voyage of Time, Cosmic Voyage, Wonders of the Universe, and more. Learn more about this project at

    It can be difficult to fathom how long 13.8 billion years is. The more you watch this video, the more it sinks in just how stunningly old the universe is, and how magnificently tiny we humans are in the grand scheme. I hope seeing this experiment in humility makes you ponder the vast, unwitnessed ages that have passed before we came along, and the brevity of our existence in comparison.

    Every event featured in this video is fascinating on its own, so I highly encourage anybody interested to dig deeper. Start with the Wikipedia page on geologic time and go from there to learn more about all the events featured within.

    Peace and love,


    Watch the narration-free version here:

    Help caption this video:

  • The history of our world in 18 minutes | David Christian


    Backed by stunning illustrations, David Christian narrates a complete history of the universe, from the Big Bang to the Internet, in a riveting 18 minutes. This is Big History: an enlightening, wide-angle look at complexity, life and humanity, set against our slim share of the cosmic timeline.

    TEDTalks is a daily video podcast of the best talks and performances from the TED Conference, where the world's leading thinkers and doers give the talk of their lives in 18 minutes. TED stands for Technology, Entertainment, Design, and TEDTalks cover these topics as well as science, business, development and the arts. Closed captions and translated subtitles in a variety of languages are now available on, at

  • How Was the Earth Formed? How Life Started on Earth | History of Earth in Hindi


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    Solar System History: How Was the Earth Formed? in Hindi/Urdu | History of Earth | Origin of earth theory | birth of the earth how the earth was made

    The Big Bang Theory is the prevailing cosmological model for the universe from the earliest known periods through its subsequent large-scale evolution. approximately 13.8 billion years ago After the initial expansion, the universe cooled sufficiently to allow the formation of subatomic particles and later simple atoms. Giant clouds of these primordial elements later coalesced through gravity to form stars and galaxies.

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    5 Most Mysterious Planets in Hindi

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    Edited & Voice by::-Arijit Sarkhel (Jeet).

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    Martian Cowboy Kevin MacLeod (
    Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 License.

    Source::- Internet

    Ajeeb Duniya | ajeeb duniya | ajeebduniya | Arijit Sarkhel
    #earth #planet #originoflife #science #historyofearth #life #man #animals #solarsystem #planetearth #ajeebduniya

    ►Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for fair use for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational, or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use.

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  • History of the Earth in 5 1/2 minutes


    Animated timeline from the graphic novel 'Science: a Discovery in Comics' by Margreet de Heer. More info:

    There's also a timeline of the Middle Ages:

  • What If Earths Age Was Just 1 Day


    Hey guys! How about a quick 24-hour trip through the history of our planet? That’s right – 4.5 billion years in just 1 day! In real time, the magnetic poles switch places every 250,000 years. Yep, North becomes South, and South is the new North – magnetically, at least! But on this 1-day-old planet, they’re changing 12 times a second!

    Also, the continents move about 1 inch per year to form a supercontinent. That happens every 400 million years. But today, they’re merging and breaking up every 2 hours! And you know what? Out of an entire 24-hour day, our species only showed up right at the last minute!

    Other videos you might like:
    10 Wonderful Facts About Earth You've Never Heard Before
    Stephen Hawking’s 7 Predictions of Earth’s Demise in the Next 200 Years
    12 Facts That'll Change Your Perception of Time Forever

    The first single-celled organisms 1:01
    When it starts to get chilly ❄️ 1:51
    We FINALLY have something familiar! 2:33
    Earth freezes over again ❄️ 2:54
    Mammals are taking over the land 4:44
    A mass extinction ???? 5:27
    Dinosaurs! 5:43
    The second mass extinction in an hour 6:04
    By 11:00 pm, we have the first birds ????
    The largest animal that ever existed 6:26
    It’s 11:58 pm, still no signs of people ???? 8:48
    What happens 2 seconds before the day ends 9:03

    #Earth #funhistory #brightside

    - At around 12:00am, the young Earth collides with another planet called Theia. Will you look at that – the moon is born!
    - At 5:30am, we see the first single-celled organisms starting their life in the ocean.
    - By 11am, photosynthesizing bacteria have managed to take in enough sun for the past 6 “hours” (aka, a billion years) to fill the atmosphere with the byproduct they let out: oxygen!
    - At 11:35, it starts to get chilly. A mere second later, it’s freezing cold, and we have the first snowball on Earth.
    - At 7:20pm, we FINALLY have something familiar: sponges!
    - It’s 7:55, and the Earth freezes over again. Time for a 2-minute ski sesh before everything melts.
    - At around 8:30, we can remove our sun-protecting gear because now the Ozone layer appears.
    - By 8:45, life is flourishing in the sea. We now have jellyfish swimming around corals.
    - It’s 9:10pm, the moon is up, the sea creatures are getting a little stir-crazy, so they decide to explore the land.
    - By 9:45, we have the first 4-legged animals appearing in shallow waters.
    - By 10:30, everything vanishes, we can hardly see any animals. A mass extinction takes place. Only 5% of the species survive. I’m not sure what caused it.
    - 10:34, and the moment is here. The dinosaurs are finally making an appearance. The first one was the Nyasasaurus.
    - 10:45 marks another mass extinction. Boy, it’s the second one in an hour. But thankfully, our dinosaur friends make it.
    - It’s 11:03, and we have the first kangaroo ancestors. These are the first animals that carry their babies in a pouch.
    - By 11:17, dinosaurs are reaching their full size. It’s like Jurassic Park around here! Look at the Argentinosaurus. This guy was the largest animal that ever existed.
    - It’s 11:26. A giant asteroid coming right our way! It smashes into the Earth, and dust flies everywhere. A few seconds later, everything clears up, but the dinosaurs have disappeared.
    - It’s 11:58pm, and still no signs of people. But the chimpanzees and bonobos appear suddenly!
    - It’s 11:59 and 23 seconds, and we FINALLY have full-blown humans over in Africa! A second later, they start migrating all over the world.

    Music by Epidemic Sound

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  • 15,000,000,000 Years Of Earths Future In 10 Minutes. What Will Happen?


    I have a NEW channel ► Meet, Arnold! -

    If you like this video - put Thumb Up button (please) and
    Subscribe to Ridddle channel. We will make this universe smarter together!
    Okay, okay. I got to go..... See You Soooooooooooooooon dudes ;)

  • Stephen Hawking’s 7 Predictions of Earth’s Demise in the Next 200 Years


    What will happen to our planet in the next 200 years? The most famous scientist since Albert Einstein, Stephen Hawking, who has made profound and inspiring discoveries, predicted an extremely dark and pessimistic future to the Earth and its inhabitants. Here are some of Hawking’s most terrifying predictions on how and when our world will meet its demise.
    Since scientists started toying with genetically engineered viruses to treat human illnesses, they’ve also discovered other possible uses for them. Nowadays, pharmacists are even combining several deadly viruses into a single shot and doing some weird stuff with DNA mixing.
    Hawking was a firm believer in extraterrestrial life, and he was convinced that they will eventually invade our planet. And no, unfortunately, they probably won’t come in peace. In his final work, A Smooth Exit from Eternal Inflation, completed just two weeks before he died, Hawking predicted that our universe will eventually fade into darkness as all the stars run out of energy.
    Although Hawking's life basically depended on artificial intelligence, he didn't trust it at all. He once said that it might just be “the worst invention in the history of our civilization” because it’ll probably replace humans altogether.
    Hawking added that global warming will make the conditions on Earth similar to those on Venus. To save ourselves from problems like overpopulation (and the scarcity of resources that comes with it), pandemics, and pollution, we have to discover new worlds and become a multi-planetary species.

    Diamond Ortiz - Crock Pot
    Gonna Onyekwe - Destination Unknown
    Doug Maxwell/Media Right Productions - Hipsters Hopping
    Doug Maxwell - Light Years Away
    William Rosati - Rounds
    Francis Preve- Stranger Danger

    Genetically modified vaccines will backfire on us. 1:04
    Aliens will invade our planet. 2:36
    The Universe will come to an end. 3:52
    Robots will replace humans. 4:21
    Nuclear weapons will destroy humanity. 5:32
    We'll need to find another planet to live on. 6:03
    The Earth will combust into a ball of fire. 9:17

    -We still don't fully understand the long-term damage genetically engineered vaccine concoctions might have.
    -Chances are that cosmic beings will find our floating rock in space and they’ll most likely want to either destroy us or study us like lab rats.
    -Hawking predicted that our universe will eventually fade into darkness as all the stars run out of energy.
    -The scientist believed that artificial intelligence could eventually outsmart and outperform humans or, worse, decide to get rid of us.
    -The development of militarized technology and weapons of mass destruction could lead us to disastrous consequences, which would mean the end of our world.
    -According to Hawking, we have to find another planet to live on within the next 100 years. Otherwise, we’ll die out as a species because Earth has already reached “the point of no return”.
    -Global warming will make the conditions on Earth similar to those on Venus. The average temperature will be about 480°F. Our planet will burst into flames in less than 600 years.

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  • 4 Billion Years in Under 10 Minutes


    Have you ever wondered how our earth was created? Here is a brief history about the Earth.

    Want more SciShow in person? We'll be at NerdCon: Nerdfighteria in Boston on February 25th and 26th! For more information, go to

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  • 10 TOP Natural History Moments | BBC Earth


    This Earth Day, stay in and explore the beauty, drama and spectacle of our natural world with 50 incredible natural history moments from BBC Earth based on what you've been liking and sharing. This is the last of five videos.


    #NaturalHistory #StayInAndExplore

    Watch more:
    Planet Earth
    Blue Planet
    Planet Earth II
    Planet Dinosaur

    Lion Attacked by Clan of Hyenas - Dynasties
    Iguana vs Snakes - Planet Earth II
    Spy Monkey Mistaken for Dead Baby and Mourned by Troop - Spy In The Wild
    Wild Polar Bear Tries To Break In - Polar Bear Family and Me
    Kung Fu Mantis Vs Jumping Spider - Life Story
    Amazing Crabs Shell Exchange - Life Story
    Attenborough: the amazing Lyre Bird sings like a chainsaw! - Life of Birds
    Wild Hamster Has A Graveyard Feast - Seven Worlds, One Planet
    Tiny Penguin Makes a Deadly Dash From Giant Leopard Seal - Seven Worlds, One Planet
    Penguin Chicks' Stand-Off Against Predator - Spy In The Snow

    Welcome to BBC EARTH! The world is an amazing place full of stories, beauty and natural wonder. Here you'll find 50 years worth of entertaining and thought-provoking natural history content. Dramatic, rare, and exclusive, nature doesn't get more exciting than this.

    Want to share your views with the team? Join our BBC Studios Voice:

    This is a commercial page from BBC Studios. Service information and feedback:

  • How Islam Began - In Ten Minutes


    How Islam began in under ten minutes? Not a problem. The turbulent tale is told against the clock, with all the names, dates and events on a timeline.

    Animation by Ceiren Bell.

    For more films like this, go to TrueTube.
    Subscribe to TrueTube's channel!

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  • Mind Blowing Animated Timeline of the History of Earth in 3:30 minutes


    Earth, 4.6-billion-years old, grew from a cloud of dust and rocks surrounding the young Sun. 4-3.5b years ago - First organisms...The oldest confirmed fossils, of single-celled microorganisms, are 3.5 billion years old. Life may have begun in warm alkaline vents on the seabed, or in open water, or on land. 3.4b years ago - Life harnesses the power of sunlight - The biggest source of energy for life on Earth is the Sun. Early microorganisms evolved photosynthesis- using energy from sunlight to make sugars out of simpler molecules.

    The Great Oxidation Event
    Breathable air

    For the first half of Earth's history, there was hardly any oxygen in the air. But then some bacteria began harnessing sunlight to make sugar from carbon dioxide and water, just like green plants today. These microbes pumped out oxygen as a waste product, creating the oxygen-rich atmosphere we have today.

    The first sex
    Origin of mating

    Between 1.8 billion and 800 million years ago, the fossil record looks fairly dull – so much so that the period is called the 'Boring Billion'. But behind the scenes plenty was happening. For one thing sex may have evolved for the first time. It's not clear why, or when, some organisms stopped simply dividing in two and started the messy business of sex.

    A frozen world

    Earth froze over again, twice, in the space of 200 million years. This 2nd Snowball period may have triggered the evolution of the first complex animals.

    The Cambrian Explosion

    Soon after animals evolved, evolution went through two major growth spurts. This apparent 'explosion' may be partly down to better fossilization, as many animals now had hard shells.

    Plants colonize the land
    Out of the sea

    Animals ventured onto land as far back as 500 million years ago, but they only visited briefly – perhaps to lay eggs in a place without predators. Plants were the first to take up permanent residence on land. The first land plants were relatives of green algae, but they rapidly diversified.

    The first mass extinction

    The Ordovician period was a time when life flourished. But towards its end, the world froze dramatically as ice sheets spread from the poles leading to the 2nd-worst mass extinction on record, the Ordovician-Silurian. Most life was still confined to the sea, and 85% of marine species were wiped out.

    From fish fins to legs

    After plants, animals moved out of the water. Insects were among the first, around 400 million years ago, soon followed big, backboned animals such as Tiktaalik, a fish that looked a bit like a salamander that eventually evolved four limbs, and gave rise to amphibians, reptiles and mammals.

    Dawn of the reptiles

    Reptiles evolved from newt-like amphibians. Unlike their ancestors they had tough, scaly skin and laid eggs with hard shells that did not have to be left in water. They quickly became the dominant land animals.

    The Great Dying

    Just as the reptiles were flourishing, life on Earth faced the Permian extinction, the worst mass extinction in the planet's history, obliterating up to 96% of marine species and land animals. We don't know what caused it, but massive volcanic eruptions could be to blame. In the aftermath, the first dinosaurs evolved.

    The first Hairy mammals

    At the same time that the dinosaurs were spreading and diversifying, the first mammals evolved.

    The Triassic extinction

    The dinosaurs were flourishing on land, and ichthyosaurs had become the top sea predators. Then came the Triassic extinction. It killed off around 80% of species. In the aftermath, the dinosaurs became the dominant land animals and eventually reached titanic sizes.

    The first birds

    Birds evolved from feathered dinosaurs – modern birds are essentially Velociraptors with beaks instead of snouts and wings instead of arms.

    Death of the dinosaurs

    Boom, you're extinct. 65 million years ago, a huge chunk of rock from outer space smashed into what is now Mexico. The explosion was devastating, but the longer-term effects were worse. Dust thrown into the upper atmosphere blocked out sunlight, plunging Earth into cold and darkness.

    The first primates evolve

    After the dinosaurs were wiped out, mammals evolved the ability to nourish their young inside their wombs using a placenta. These mammals evolved into the first primates and would ultimately give rise to monkeys, apes and humans. But the first ones were small creatures living in the hot and humid rain forests of Asia.

    The first hominins

    The first apes appeared in Africa around 25 million years ago. Then the group split into the ancestors of modern humans and the ancestors of modern apes. The oldest known hominid lived about 7 million years ago.

    200,000 years ago

    Our species, Homo sapiens, is ridiculously young. We have only existed for a fifth of a million years.

    Music: Forgotten Shore by Dhruva Aliman

  • What Lived On Earth Before Dinosaurs?


    What Lived On Earth Before Dinosaurs?
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    A long time ago dinosaurs roamed the earth. They lived, they hunted, they killed, and they ruled. Then the earth was struck by an asteroid about the size of Rhode Island, and they were wiped out.

    This allowed mammals to rise and with mammals came human beings.

    However, what was the earth like before dinosaurs ruled, and what caused them to disappear?

    In this video we’re going to explore the strange creatures that ruled the earth long before the dinosaurs took their first steps. We’re going to meet giant insects and terrifying arthropods, as well as some of humanity’s earliest relatives.

    #dinosaur #dinosaurs #evolution #earth #formation #how #whatif #space

  • What if Earth existed for only 24 hours?


    We condense the geological timeline of Earth into 24 hours and uncover the events of History. Where do you think humans feature?
    Time waits for none, so it is upto us what we make in that left time. Do you think #ThereIsStillTime? #EarthDay2017

  • Solar System 101 | National Geographic


    How many planets are in the solar system? How did it form in the Milky Way galaxy? Learn facts about the solar system’s genesis, plus its planets, moons, and asteroids.
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  • The story of the Earth in 33 minutes


    Music by: Darren Curtis Soul's Departure.

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    At 3:20 the calcium silicon oxide is labelled CaSiCO3. Of course it should be CaSiO3,

    At 14:34 - Yes, there was an audible no on the soundtrack. This was from part of another track that was supposed to have been wiped. Apologies!

    15:20 -- Synapsids are not reptiles. Reptiles are diapsids.

    18:20 - The first mammals were egg-laying. I should have said they evolved to give birth to live young. And 'suckling' implies a nipple, whereas they probably produced milk from pores.

    23:12 - The terms Paleogene and Neogene are now universal. The International Commission on Stratigraphy abolished the term Tertiary in 2005.

    23:16 -- I should have said: It’s likely the only surviving dinosaurs were smaller, feathered species that HAD evolved into birds.

    PLEASE NOTE: This video is explaining science, so please do not write in and claim there's an error because it conflicts with your personal religious or ideological beliefs.
    And please don't post lots of You forgot to mention.... messages. I didn't 'forget' to mention anything, I decided very deliberately what to include depending on its importance, interest and relevancy.
    So yes, I didn't mention overfolds because although that places certain strata underneath other ones physically, they are still on top stratigraphically. And -- I know -- I didn't mention reworked fossils, but I did say that finding fossils in chronological and stratigraphic order is a general principle and a rule of thumb.
    And I didn't mention a host of other geological facts because this is not a three-year geology course, it's a half-hour video.
    What I DO welcome are errors of scientific fact. If you see one, please let me know and I will add it to this video description.

    25:07 – Someone is bound to point out that it’s possible for a person to throw an old phone from the 1900s onto a garbage dump of the 1980s. That would mess up the dating system, right?
    No, because this is an analogy about fossils. It’s easy to do this in rubbish tips, but not easy in sedimentary rocks. Creationists have tried it, and their attempts have all been laughable failures.
    Fossils can only be properly dated in situ – in other words, if they are found embedded in the rock itself. Just placing a Cambrian fossil on top of a Cretaceous limestone is not going to fool anyone. So nice try, but no.

    Does that take care of all the repetitive, erroneous and pedantic posts I'm going to get? Probably not.

    I usually put sources in the video description, but since this is just a basic and uncontroversial geology course it is unnecessary. Any basic geology textbook in your local library will have these facts, but if people want to dispute any of the science I will be happy to put a specific reference in the video description.
    And if they conflict with your personal beliefs or what you have seen in blogs, then see my videos:
    The Theory of Evolution Made Easy
    Natural Selection Made Easy
    The evidence for climate change without computer models or the IPCC
    Consensus and arguments from authority

  • A Brief History of Geologic Time


    Viewers like you help make PBS (Thank you ????) . Support your local PBS Member Station here:

    By looking at the layers beneath our feet, geologists have been able to identify and describe crucial episodes in life’s history. These key events frame the chapters in the story of life on earth and the system we use to bind all these chapters together is the Geologic Time Scale.

    Thanks to Studio 252mya for their illustrations. You can find more of their work here:

    Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios:

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    Steno, N. (1916). 1669: De solido intra solidum naturaliter contento dissertationis prodromus. Florence, 78p.
    Hancock, Paul L; Skinner, Brian J, Oxford Companion to the Earth, Oxford University Press, 2000

    Addition to image credits: some footage from this episode is from

  • Earth 100 Million Years From Now


    For more 4K space, and more great History and Science than you'll ever watch, check out our sister network...

    Earth's landmasses were not always what they are today. Continents formed as Earth's crustal plates shifted and collided over long periods of time. This video shows how today's continents are thought to have evolved over the last 600 million years, and where they'll end up in the next 100 million years.

    Here at SpaceRip, we value the exploration of the unknown. We surpass boundaries for the sake of uncovering the mysteries of the cosmos and what they may tell us about our origin and our future. With our videos, we hope to educate our viewers on how we fit into the universe, and more so how we can do our part to better it.

    We believe there is no better time to inform ourselves about the world around us. Our partnership with MagellanTV is aimed to educate viewers on our complex world to prepare for our rapidly changing future. Through our videos we hope to capture a variety of important topics with the overall goal of promoting positive discussion and action.

    Paleogeographic Views of Earth's History provided by Ron Blakey, Professor of Geology, Northern Arizona University.

  • Ancient Aliens: The Hollow Earth Theory | History


    Some Ancient Astronaut Theorists suggest that deep within our own planet could be another earth in this clip from Season 10, Episode 6, The Other Earth. #AncientAliens
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    Ancient Aliens explores the controversial theory that extraterrestrials have visited Earth for millions of years.

    HISTORY® is the leading destination for award-winning original series and specials that connect viewers with history in an informative, immersive, and entertaining manner across all platforms. The network’s all-original programming slate features a roster of hit series, premium documentaries, and scripted event programming.

  • The History of Life on Earth - Crash Course Ecology #1


    With a solid understanding of biology on the small scale under our belts, it's time for the long view - for the next twelve weeks, we'll be learning how the living things that we've studied interact with and influence each other and their environments. Life is powerful, and in order to understand how living systems work, you first have to understand how they originated, developed and diversified over the past 4.5 billion years of Earth's history. Hang on to your hats as Hank tells us the epic drama that is the history of life on Earth.

    Like CrashCourse on Facebook!
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    Table of Contents
    1) Archaean & Proterozoic Eons 01:53
    a) Protobionts 03:54
    b) Prokaryotes 04:18
    c) Eukaryotes 06:06

    2) Phanerozoic Eon 06:42
    a) Cambrian Explosion 06:49
    b) Ordovician Period 07:36
    c) Devonian Period 07:48
    d) Carboniferous Period 08:13
    e) Permian Period 09:10

    References and licenses for this episode can be found in the Google document here:

    crashcourse, biology, ecology, hank green, history, life, human, earth, RNA, genetic material, protobionts, DNA, prokaryote, archaea, archaean, eon, proterozoic, era, period, epoch, fossil record, atmosphere, geologic, time, cyanobacteria, photosynthesis, oxygen revolution, change, environment, eukaryote, endosymbiosis, mitochondria, plastid, algae, cambrian explosion, diversity, animal, evolution, phanerozoic, phyla, ordovician, plant, carboniferous, fossil fuel, system, permian, pangaea, gymnosperm, archosaur, dinosaur, species, extinction, event, asteroid, niche, competition, resource, jurassic, angiosperm, insect, coevolution, bird, mammal, flora, fauna, relationship. Crash Course is on Patreon! You can support us directly by signing up at

  • World War I - summary of the Great War


    Let's retrace on a map a summary of the chain of events of WWI, the so-called Great War. This video summarises the origins, course and consequences of this war.


    English translation & voiceover: Rahul Venkit
    French version (original):
    Russian version:
    Arabic version:

    Music: God Fury - Anno Domini Beats (YouTube Library)
    Software used: Adobe After Effects

  • The Evolution of Life on Earth


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    What would it look like if we took Earth's 4.5 billion year history, and stuffed it into a normal day's 24 hour time-frame? Follow the magnificent journey of life; where it began, and how it eventually led to humanity as we know it.

    Written and created by Mitchell Moffit (twitter @mitchellmoffit) and Gregory Brown (twitter @whalewatchmeplz). Inspired by the book A Short History of Nearly Everything by Bill Bryson.


    Music by Mitchell Moffit

    Gregory Brown

    Some Sources -

    1) A Short History of Nearly Everything - Bill Bryson

    Specific Life Timelines:

    2) (New Scientist)
    3) (Wikipedia)
    4) (BBC)

  • The Geological History of Earth


    This video discusses the major changes to the planet since its formation to the present day. We explain how Earth formed, where the Moon came from, how the atmosphere changed over time, where the water in the oceans originated, what the first life and fossils looked like, when more complex life forms began, a long period when little happened, when most of Earth became a snowball, and how extinction events allowed geologists to break down the most recent chunk of geologic time. You will learn the difference between an eon and an era, why we should be grateful for asteroid and comet impacts, and when oxygen started showing up in the atmosphere.

    Visit our blog for free assessment questions about the content in this video:

  • A History of The Beatles 1962-1970 - Walk Off The Earth


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    Walk off the Earth perform a mash up of Beatles hits in chronological order spanning from 1962-1970. Filmed in front of an unsuspecting audience at Rebel's Rock Pub in Hamilton Ontario.
    Dedicated to: John, George, Paul and Ringo

    Performed By:
    Sarah Blackwood - Vocals, Ukulele, Harmonium, Hand Bells
    Gianni Luminati - Vocals, Bass, Harmonica, Hand bells
    Joel Cassady - Vocals, Drums
    Tokyo Speirs - Vocals, Percussion, Flutes, Hand Bells
    Adam Michael - Vocals, Guitar, Hand Bells
    Gareth Inkster - Vocals, Piano
    Video Directed By Paul Maxwell
    Music Arranged By Gianni Luminati, Tokyo Speirs & Gareth Inkster
    Mix and Mastered By Tokyo Speirs
    A Golden Carrot Production ????????

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    Beatles Medley Songs:
    Love Me Do - 1962
    I Want To Hold Your Hand - 1963
    A Hard Days Night - 1964
    Eight Days A Week - 1964
    Yesterday - 1965
    In My Life - 1965
    I've Just Seen A Face - 1965
    We Can Work It Out - 1965
    Eleanor Rigby - 1966
    Strawberry Fields Forever - 1967
    Penny Lane - 1967
    A Day In The Life - 1967
    With A Little Help From My Friends - 1967
    All You Need Is Love - 1967
    Hello, Goodbye - 1967
    Blackbird - 1968
    Hey Jude - 1968
    Here Comes The Sun - 1969
    Come Together - 1969
    Let It Be - 1970

    About Walk off the Earth:
    Walk off the Earth is a band. A band that is obsessed with making killer music in all its forms. Join us on our journey!

    To our devoted WOTElings, your support over the years has blown our minds. We hope to be able to see you live one day soon. If you enjoyed this video then please help us out by sharing it on your socials, hitting the LIKE button and adding it to your favourites. Your support and word of mouth is the number one force keeping us making music and we can't thank you enough.

    A History of The Beatles 1962-1970 - Walk Off The Earth

    Walk off the Earth

  • What Happened Before History? Human Origins


    Use the URL: to get a free audiobook and 30 days free trial and support this channel. Thanks a lot to Audible for supporting us!

    Humans. We have been around for a while now. When we think about our past we think about ancient civilizations, the pyramids, stuff like that. But this is only a tiny, tiny part of our history.

    Support us on Patreon so we can make more videos (and get cool stuff in return):


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    Steve Taylor:

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    William Kerr, Sean Beier, Donal Botkin, Hugo NAJBERG, Harley Faggetter, robert walsh, Amir Shahar, Corey Hinds, Vegard Bellika, Dasha, Charles LaVene, Wesley Kleeman, jeremy avnet, Zachary Dickson, Timothy Basanov, Richard Stambaugh, Hamish Wilson, John Smith, Tyler Lainer, Yalın Günayer, Drew DeVault, Nicholas Bethencourt, Mike Wiley, Stefan Schnitzer, Brian Coule, John Markus, Sergey Sirotenko, Alex Howe, Angel Ivan Luna Parra, Liam Wade, Hannah Montovani, Noah Harris, David Durant, Hans-Jörg Peter, Daniel McCartney, Marcus Lee, Martin Atanasov, Plyrde Rayos, Emin Arslan ,Sam, Adam, TheVerySeriousLewis, Sam, Shermaine Chew, Sathepine, Manraj Dhaliwal, César Mendonça, Corne Kruger, Andrew Peachey, Thomas, Müller, Daniel, Forssten, Matthew Tse, Matthias S., Azila Azman, Fras Samarit, Jake Wood

    What Happened Before History? Human Origins

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  • Planet Earth II: Official Extended Trailer | BBC Earth


    10 years ago Planet Earth changed our view of the world. Now we take you closer than ever before. This is life in all its wonder. This is Planet Earth II.

    A decade ago, the landmark television series Planet Earth redefined natural history filmmaking, giving us the ultimate portrait of life on Earth. Planet Earth II, narrated by Sir David Attenborough, will reveal our planet from a completely new perspective, using significant advances in both filming technology and our understanding of the natural world.

    And if you are not excited enough already it features an original score by legendary composer Hans Zimmer.

    A BBC Studios Natural History Unit production, co-produced with BBC America, ZDF, Tencent and France Télévisions.

    Subscribe to the BBC Earth YouTube channel: Earth YouTube Channel:

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    Visit for all the latest animal news and wildlife videos

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    This is a commercial channel from BBC Studios. Service & Feedback

  • Porsche Taycan Turbo S - Inside the Factory | Full Documentary


    The German luxury brand Porsche has recognized the signs of the times with the launch of a luxury eCar: the Porsche Taycan Turbo S, gives its buyer the the most powerful version of the series.
    In this episode, the Germans from Swabia tell their story of how this electric supercar came about.
    Absolute perfection in all areas up to a sophisticated aerodynamics gives a leg up into the future. Tradition paired with immense expertise in racing distinguishes this exceptional eCar from the pack.
    After four years of development, extensive testing in climatic conditions all over the world, Porsche has launched a genuine E-Porsche: the Taycan.

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    #Porsche #Taycan #Dcumentary

  • Future of the Earth after 1000 Million Years | Full Documentary


    The biological and geological future of the Earth can be extrapolated based upon the estimated effects of several long-term influences. These include the chemistry at the Earth's surface, the rate of cooling of the planet's interior, the gravitational interactions with other objects in the Solar System, and a steady increase in the Sun's luminosity. An uncertain factor in this extrapolation is the ongoing influence of technology introduced by humans, such as geoengineering,[2] which could cause significant changes to the planet.[3][4] The current biotic crisis[5] is being caused by technology[6] and the effects may last for up to five million years.[7] In turn, technology may result in the extinction of humanity, leaving the planet to gradually return to a slower evolutionary pace resulting solely from long-term natural processes.[8][9]

    Over time intervals of hundreds of millions of years, random celestial events pose a global risk to the biosphere, which can result in mass extinctions. These include impacts by comets or asteroids with diameters of 5--10 km (3.1--6.2 mi) or more, and the possibility of a massive stellar explosion, called a supernova, within a 100-light-year radius from the Sun, called a Near-Earth supernova. Other large-scale geological events are more predictable. If the long-term effects of global warming are disregarded, Milankovitch theory predicts that the planet will continue to undergo glacial periods at least until the quaternary glaciation comes to an end. These periods are caused by eccentricity, axial tilt, and precession of the Earth's orbit.[10] As part of the ongoing supercontinent cycle, plate tectonics will probably result in a supercontinent in 250--350 million years. Some time in the next 1.5--4.5 billion years, the axial tilt of the Earth may begin to undergo chaotic variations, with changes in the axial tilt of up to 90°.

    During the next four billion years, the luminosity of the Sun will steadily increase, resulting in a rise in the solar radiation reaching the Earth. This will cause a higher rate of weathering of silicate minerals, which will cause a decrease in the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. In about 600 million years, the level of CO
    2 will fall below the level needed to sustain C3 carbon fixation photosynthesis used by trees. Some plants use the C4 carbon fixation method, allowing them to persist at CO
    2 concentrations as low as 10 parts per million. However, the long-term trend is for plant life to die off altogether. The extinction of plants will be the demise of almost all animal life, since plants are the base of the food chain on Earth.

    In about 1.1 billion years, the solar luminosity will be 10% higher than at present. This will cause the atmosphere to become a moist greenhouse, resulting in a runaway evaporation of the oceans. As a likely consequence, plate tectonics will come to an end.[11] Following this event, the planet's magnetic dynamo may come to an end, causing the magnetosphere to decay and leading to an accelerated loss of volatiles from the outer atmosphere. Four billion years from now, the increase in the Earth's surface temperature will cause a runaway greenhouse effect. By that point, most if not all the life on the surface will be extinct.[12][13] The most probable fate of the planet is absorption by the Sun in about 7.5 billion years, after the star has entered the red giant phase and expanded to cross the planet's current orbit.

  • The United States of America - summary of the countrys history


    This video is a summary of the history of the United States of America, since the arrival of the first colonists in North America until today.


    English translation & voiceover: Rahul Venkit
    French version (original):
    Russian version:
    Arabic version:
    Spanish version:

    Music: Lint Roller - Cxdy (Youtube library)
    Software used: Adobe After Effects

  • Hans Roslings 200 Countries, 200 Years, 4 Minutes - The Joy of Stats - BBC Four


    Subscribe and ???? to OFFICIAL BBC YouTube ????
    Stream original BBC programmes FIRST on BBC iPlayer ????

    More about this programme:
    Hans Rosling's famous lectures combine enormous quantities of public data with a sport's commentator's style to reveal the story of the world's past, present and future development. Now he explores stats in a way he has never done before - using augmented reality animation. In this spectacular section of 'The Joy of Stats' he tells the story of the world in 200 countries over 200 years using 120,000 numbers - in just four minutes. Plotting life expectancy against income for every country since 1810, Hans shows how the world we live in is radically different from the world most of us imagine.

    All our TV channels and S4C are available to watch live through BBC iPlayer, although some programmes may not be available to stream online due to rights. If you would like to read more on what types of programmes are available to watch live, check the 'Are all programmes that are broadcast available on BBC iPlayer?' FAQ ????



    The IELTS Listening Test IELTS Candidate DO LISTENING TEST IMPROVE YOUR SKILLS :- You will be given time to read through the questions before you listen. You will hear each recording of the Listening test only once.

    As you listen, write your answers on the question paper. At the end of the test, you will have 10 minutes to transfer your answers to the answer sheet in pencil. You may write your answers in lower case or capital letters.

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    Instructions to candidates
    In the actual test you will be given the following instructions:
    do not open this question paper until you are told to do so
    write your name and candidate number in the spaces at the top of this page

    listen to the instructions for each part of the paper carefully
    answer all the questions
    while you are listening, write your answers on the question paper
    you will have 10 minutes at the end of the test to copy your answers onto the separate answer sheet; use a pencil

    At the end of the test you will be asked to hand in the question paper.

  • Top 10 refereeing decisions that changed football history | Oh My Goal


    Thierry Henry, Maradona and Arsenal were all involved in decisions that changed football history! Imagine how different football would be without these decisions from referees that changed football history for Arsenal, Argentina, France and others!

    Like this video if you want to see more episodes and react in the comments section below.


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  • Overview: New Testament


    Watch our overview video on the New Testament. This video breaks down the literary design of the entire New Testament and how it continues the story of the Hebrew Scriptures.

    #NewTestament #BibleProject #BibleVideo

  • Six Extinctions In Six Minutes - Shelf Life #12


    Six tales of extinctions, and what collections can tell us about life on our planet. Six researchers share 60-second stories about organisms that may be gone, but not forgotten.

    #extinction #AMNH #ShelfLife #massextinction

    For more about the mass extinctions that shaped life on Earth, head over to the episode website:

    Countdown to Zero is presented by the American Museum of Natural History in collaboration with The Carter Center, Atlanta, and is proudly supported by

    Clarke, Public Health Mosquito Control
    Conrad N. Hilton Foundation
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    Shelf Life is a collection for curious minds—opening doors, pulling out drawers, and taking the lids off some of the incredible, rarely seen items in the American Museum of Natural History. Over 12 episodes, Shelf Life explores topics like specimen preparation, learn why variety is vital, and meet some of the people who work in the Museum collections.

    For more, visit ‪ ‬

    Series Trailer

    Episode 1: 33 Million Things

    Episode 2: Turtles and Taxonomy

    Episode 3: Six Ways to Prepare a Coelacanth

    Episode 4: Skull of the Olinguito

    Episode 5: How To Time Travel To a Star

    Episode 6: The Tiniest Fossils

    Episode 7: The Language Detectives

    Episode 8: Voyage of the Giant Squid

    Episode 9: Kinsey’s Wasps

    Episode 10: The Dinosaurs of Ghost Ranch

    Episode 11: Green Grow the Salamanders

    Episode 12: Six Extinctions In Six Minutes

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    This video and all media incorporated herein (including text, images, and audio) are the property of the American Museum of Natural History or its licensors, all rights reserved. The Museum has made this video available for your personal, educational use. You may not use this video, or any part of it, for commercial purposes, nor may you reproduce, distribute, publish, prepare derivative works from, or publicly display it without the prior written consent of the Museum.

    © American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY

  • Kangaroo Boxing Fight | Life Story | BBC Earth


    For male Kangaroos the greatest threat comes from within their own society and there is only one keen lesson to learn, he must become a fighter. Watch this struggle for battle play out as two males face up to one another. Taken from Life Story. Subscribe:

    New on Earth:
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    Welcome to BBC EARTH! The world is an amazing place full of stories, beauty and natural wonder. Here you'll find 50 years worth of astounding, entertaining, thought-provoking and educational natural history content. Dramatic, rare, and exclusive, nature doesn't get more exciting than this.

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    This is a commercial channel from BBC Studios. Service & Feedback

  • Uncovering the ancient secrets of the Great Pyramid | 60 Minutes Australia


    You stand there in awe, over-powered by their sheer magnificence. No wonder we've been intrigued, totally baffled for more than 4000 years. And of all Egypt's pyramids, the Great Pyramid at Giza is by far the most mysterious. It's so imposing, so perfect you can see why many insist it couldn't possibly be the work of mere mortals. It has to be a creation of the gods, either that, or aliens. But at last it seems this ancient riddle has been solved. There's one man who reckons he's figured it all out. And he's willing to share his amazing discovery with us. To take us to the very heart of the mystery, deep inside the Great Pyramid, where very few have ever been (2007).

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    For forty years, 60 Minutes have been telling Australians the world’s greatest stories. Tales that changed history, our nation and our lives. Reporters Liz Hayes, Allison Langdon, Tara Brown, Charles Wooley, Liam Bartlett and Sarah Abo look past the headlines because there is always a bigger picture. Sundays are for 60 Minutes.


  • Units of History - The 10,000 Immortals DOCUMENTARY


    The history of the Immortals! Get your free trial of MagellanTV here: It's an exclusive offer for our viewers: an extended, month-long trial, FREE. MagellanTV is a new kind of streaming service run by filmmakers with 2,000+ documentaries! Check out our personal recommendation and MagellanTV’s exclusive playlists:

    In this Units of History episode we turn to the Achaemenid Persian Empire and their 10,000 Immortals who famously fought against the Spartans at the Battle of Thermopylae.

    The documentary begins by looking at the origins of the unit. This involves a discussion of their first appearance in the history books by Herodotus who describes them in his account of the Greco Persian war and the invasion of Xerxes. Outside of this however, the historical record is quite limited. We therefore have to speculate on how this elite unit came about. One theory we present is the idea that the Persian Immortals were initially a bodyguard units at the immediate disposal of the Kings of Persia around which armies could be formed. Over time their prestige, size, and organization increased as the Achaemenid Empire expanded. Again due to a lack of records, we only speak briefly on their training.

    Next we take a look at the weapons and armour of the Persian Immortals. This includes things like scaled armour, tall shields, a bow, axe, spear, and sword. This is to be contrasted with their fantastical depiction in the movie 300 where they fight against the equally mythologized spartan army.

    We then cover the battle tactics of the Immortals and their service history. This involves extensive fighting against other eastern forces, steppe nomads, indians, egyptians, and of course greeks. Specifically we discuss their involvement in the battle of thermopylae, the battle of Plataea, the battle of Cunaxa, and the battle of Gaugamela. Stay tuned for more persian army documentary videos and coverage of other famous units of history!

    Bibliography and Suggested Reading:
    The Persian Army 560–330 BC by Nicholas Sekunda
    The Achaemenid Persian Army Paperback by Duncan Head
    Armies of Ancient Persia by Marek Adam Wozniak
    Cyrus The Great Paperback by Stephen Dando-Collins


  • History of Earth - 600 000 000 Years in 12 minutes


    You can buy Universe Sandbox 2 game here:

    Hello and welcome to What Da Math!
    In this video, we will talk about the history of multicellular life on Earth and look at how the continents changed over time and drifted around in the last 600 000 000 years.

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  • Episod 2 : Brief History of The Universe - History of Earth


    Solar system Formation - Formation of the moon - Great Oxidation Event - Snowball Earth - Cambrian Explosion - Evolution of tetrapods - Chicxulub crater - Human Evolution - Economic globalization

    Previous Episod :

  • Earths History in 1 Minute


    4½ billion years in a 1 minute video from - just the mix of science and history that makes our rivers flow at Abroad in the Yard.

  • Dissection of Geologocal Time Scale - 6 billions years history of earth - just within 3 minutes - CP


    ppt cum video of geological time scale and period-wise organisms in respective era.