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How humans are making pandemics more likely

  • What Was the 1918 Influenza Pandemic?


    One hundred years ago, a new influenza virus appeared and swept across the globe, killing between 50 and 100 million people. Two NIAID experts, Dr. Jeffery Taubenberger and Dr. David Morens, discuss why the 1918 flu was so deadly, and what resurrecting the virus from preserved tissues has taught us.

    If a similar pandemic arose today, could we stop it? Watch this video to find out more:

    To hear more from Dr. Taubenberger about why he studies 1918 influenza, check out this additional interview excerpt on the NIAID Now blog:

  • How do viruses jump from animals to humans? - Ben Longdon


    Discover the science of how viruses can jump from one species to another and the deadly epidemics that can result from these pathogens.


    At a Maryland country fair in 2017, farmers reported feverish hogs with inflamed eyes and running snouts. While farmers worried about the pigs, the department of health was concerned about a group of sick fairgoers. Soon, 40 of these attendees would be diagnosed with swine flu. How can pathogens from one species infect another, and what makes this jump so dangerous? Ben Longdon explains.

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    Thank you so much to our patrons for your support! Without you this video would not be possible! Manognya Chakrapani, Ayala Ron, Samantha Chow, Philippe Spoden, Phyllis Dubrow, Michelle Stevens-Stanford, Cas Jamieson, Ophelia Gibson Best, Amber Wood, Paul Schneider, Jun Cai, Tim Robinson, Henrique 'Sorín' Cassús, cnorahs, Lyn-z Schulte, Elaine Fitzpatrick, Karthik Cherala, Clarence E. Harper Jr., Milad Mostafavi, Аркадий Скайуокер, Kiara Taylor, Louisa Lee, eden sher, Vignan Velivela, Sage Curie, Srikote Naewchampa, Tejas Dc, Khalifa Alhulail, Faiza Imtiaz, Martin Stephen, Jerome Froelich, Dan Paterniti, Jose Henrique Leopoldo e Silva, Mullaiarasu Sundaramurthy, Elnathan Joshua Bangayan, Caleb ross, Duo Xu, Quinn Shen, Marvin Vizuett, Sid, Marylise CHAUFFETON, Karen Goepen-Wee, Sama aafghani, Mandeep Singh, Abhijit Kiran Valluri, Morgan Williams, Kris Siverhus, Jason Weinstein, Tony Trapuzzano and Devin Harris.

  • 1918 Flu Pandemic


    100 years ago the 1918 influenza pandemic devastated entire communities and took at least 675,000 American lives. It was the most severe pandemic in recent history, sweeping the globe quickly and killing more than 50 million people. This video provides information and background on the 1918 flu pandemic.

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  • The 1918 Pandemic: The Deadliest Flu in History


    The science behind why the 1918 flu is “the mother of all pandemics” continues to challenge scientists today. Olivia sheds some light on why this flu was so powerful and what we learned from it.

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  • Coronavirus Could Be an Omen for the Worlds Next Epidemic


    Somewhere in China, perhaps in the southern Yunnan province, there's a cave that may hold the mysterious origins of the deadly coronavirus that's infected thousands, cut off millions of Chinese from their jobs and families and wreaked havoc in global financial markets. #Coronavirus #Wuhan #China #ChinaVirus

    Bloomberg News health reporter Robert Langreth explains the coronavirus in the context of previous viral diseases including SARS. What experts learned in the health community helped them determine the best plan of action for this novel coronavirus. The biggest question at the end of this may not be where the virus jumped from or which groups to quarantine, but what this means for the next epidemic.

    As the human population rises, “the number of those spillover events is rising exponentially. It is a direct product of human activity,” Daszak said. And it’s “a simple mathematical certainty” that there will be more outbreaks like the new coronavirus in the future, he said. Total confirmed cases have exploded in recent days to almost 17,400 Monday, with more than 360 deaths. Some disease modeling experts project there are likely 75,000 or more actual cases, as accurate counts from overwhelmed parts of China are impossible to come by.

    The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that three out of every four emerging infectious diseases in humans first come from animals. Bats contain the highest proportion of mammalian viruses that are likely to infect people in so-called zoonotic infections, according to research published in 2017 by Daszak in the scientific journal Nature.

    “I have 90% confidence it is a bat-borne virus,” says Linfa Wang, who heads the emerging infectious disease program at Duke-National University of Singapore Medical School. He has been studying bat origins of human viruses for decades and works with a group of researchers sometimes dubbed “the bat pack.”

    The CDC has said it’s preparing for the disease to spread more widely in the U.S. and doesn't expect to stop all cases at the border.

    One of his colleagues at the Wuhan Institute of Virology found that the new coronavirus is more than 96% genetically identical to a bat virus from the Yunnan province in southern China, according to results published in the journal Nature on Monday. Zheng-Li Shi, a top coronavirus expert at the Wuhan Institute of Virology, has been studying the bat viruses with Wang and Daszak for more than a decade. She’s leading an emergency science team to respond to the outbreak in Wuhan, according to a Chinese media report.

    The Nature study found that the new coronavirus is a distant cousin of SARS, sharing almost 80% of its genetic sequence. SARS, or Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, is another coronavirus that swept through China and other countries in 2002 and 2003, eventually killing more than 800 people around the globe. It also hijacks the same receptor on lung cells that SARS uses to penetrate cells deep inside the lungs, providing a clue to how it spreads. That receptor is also in the gut, explaining how it may pass through diarrhea as well.

    Shi didn’t respond to Bloomberg News inquiries sent via email.

    Exactly how the deadly new coronavirus sweeping through China made the leap from animal to human remains a mystery, but scientists say it’s closely linked to urban sprawl and the chaotic and loosely regulated free-for-all of China’s open-air markets. The so-called wet markets, also present in Vietnam, Indonesia and elsewhere around Southeast Asia, feature wild and domesticated animals. They make a perfect mixing ground for viruses.

    “These animals are live,” says Christian Walzer, executive director for health at the Wildlife Conservation Society, a New York-based conservation group that also runs zoo and field programs. “You will see a bird on top of a domestic pig, and you might have snake and bats, all stacked together” in wire-mesh cages. Virus-laden fluids and secretions can mix, helping create new viruses, especially when the animals are slaughtered right in front of customers.

    “If you planned it and thought, ‘I am going to make new viruses,’” says Walzer, “that is exactly how you would do it.”

    The markets may have produced outbreaks in the past that burned out locally. Now, with exploding populations and access to cheap airlines and fast trains, bat viruses from the depths of a jungle can spread to every corner of the globe within days.

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  • 1918 Pandemic Partner Webinar


    A video commemorating 100 Years since the 1918 Flu Pandemic. The 1918 Flu Pandemic was a historic global event that killed more people than World War I, II and the Korean and Vietnam Wars combined. It is one of the most devastating health events in recorded world history.

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  • How pandemics spread


    Dig into the history of pandemics to learn how viruses and disease spreads and what we can do to stop future outbreaks.


    In our increasingly globalized world, a single infected person can board a plane and spread a virus across continents. Mark Honigsbaum describes the history of pandemics and how that knowledge can help halt future outbreaks.

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  • Why another flu pandemic is likely just a matter of when


    Despite the availability of vaccines, the flu still kills tens of thousands of people in the U.S. each year, and hundreds of thousands more worldwide. But public health officials fear that an even graver threat lies ahead: the emergence of a new, much more deadly flu virus. As William Brangham reports, the scenario has occurred before.

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  • The Worst Pandemics in History - What Do They Teach Us?


    Pandemics are disease epidemics that has spread across a large region, for instance multiple continents, or worldwide. A widespread endemic. Throughout history, there have been a number of pandemics of diseases such as smallpox and tuberculosis. One of the most devastating pandemics was the Black Death, which killed an estimated 100–200 million people in the 14th century. Current pandemics include HIV/AIDS and the 2019 coronavirus disease. Other notable pandemics include the 1918 influenza pandemic (Spanish flu) and the 2009 flu pandemic (H1N1).

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  • Could the 1918 Influenza Pandemic Happen Again?


    The 1918 flu is commonly known as the Mother of All Pandemics, because its descendants still occasionally resurface as pandemic influenza viruses today. In this video, NIAID experts Dr. David Morens and Dr. Jeffery Taubenberger discuss how a similar pandemic could emerge today--and what scientists are doing to prevent it.

    How did the 1918 flu pandemic kill so many people? Watch this video to find out more:

    To hear more about why Dr. Taubenberger studies 1918 influenza, check out this interview excerpt on the NIAID Now blog:

  • How to restart tourism during a pandemic? | COVID-19 Special


    We all feel like we need a break from the coronavirus, but going on vacation during a pandemic is far from straightforward. That is, if it's even possible. Is it okay to jet off with the family? And where do you go? The rules are changing quickly depending on what you decide. In the past few days, the French city of Nice has made face masks compulsory in public areas.
    The industry faces huge losses. Now people who depend on tourism hope that the coming month will bring a turnaround... as visitors put the lockdown behind them.

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  • What will the world look like after the pandemic? | COVID-19 Special


    As the coronavirus pandemic rips through the world shattering national health systems and economies, a global response to help pick up the pieces has never been more essential. But international cooperation has sagged under the weight of the coronavirus. The United Nations, the World Health Organization and the G20 have all been unable to take the lead. Countries have closed themselves off, each locked into a contest to secure supplies of limited resources like face masks, protective clothing and medication. But how it is now, is not how it has to be. The COVID-19 pandemic remains a chance for countries to come together and create opportunity from crisis. So will they? How will the world look like after all this?


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    In late December 2019, a cluster of pneumonia cases of unknown cause was reported by health authorities in Wuhan, Hubei Province, People's Republic of China. The initial cases mostly had links to the Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market and consequently, the virus is thought to have a zoonotic origin. The virus that caused the outbreak is known as SARS-CoV-2, a new virus which is closely related to bat coronaviruses, pangolin coronaviruses and SARS-CoV.

    The 2019–20 coronavirus outbreak is an ongoing public health emergency of international concern involving coronavirus disease 2019. It was caused by SARS-CoV-2, first identified in Wuhan, Hubei, China. As of 5 March 2020, more than 96,000 cases have been confirmed, of which 7,100 were classified as serious. 87 countries and territories have been affected, with major outbreaks in Central China, South Korea, Italy, and Iran. More than 3,300 people have died: just over 3,000 in mainland China and around 300 in other countries. More than 53,000 people have recovered.

    The virus primarily spreads between people in a similar way to influenza, via respiratory droplets produced during coughing or sneezing.The time between exposure and symptom onset is typically five days, but may range from two to fourteen days. Symptoms may include fever, cough, and shortness of breath. Complications may include pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome. There is currently no vaccine or specific antiviral treatment, though research is ongoing. Efforts are aimed at managing symptoms and supportive therapy. Recommended preventive measures include hand washing, maintaining distance from people who are sick, monitoring and self-isolation for fourteen days for people who suspect they are infected.
    Wider concerns about consequences of the outbreak include political and economic instability.They have also included xenophobia and racism against people of Chinese and East Asian descent, and the spread of misinformation about the virus, primarily online.

  • How the pandemic will shape the near future | Bill Gates


    Visit to get our entire library of TED Talks, transcripts, translations, personalized talk recommendations and more.

    Bill Gates talks best (and worst) case scenarios for the coronavirus pandemic in the months ahead, explaining the challenges of reducing virus transmission, providing an update on promising vaccine candidates, offering his thoughts on reopening and even taking a moment to address conspiracy theories circulating about himself. Stay tuned for his critical call to fellow philanthropists to ramp up their action, ambition and awareness to create a better world for all. (This virtual conversation, hosted by head of TED Chris Anderson, was recorded June 29, 2020.)

    The TED Talks channel features the best talks and performances from the TED Conference, where the world's leading thinkers and doers give the talk of their lives in 18 minutes (or less). Look for talks on Technology, Entertainment and Design -- plus science, business, global issues, the arts and more. You're welcome to link to or embed these videos, forward them to others and share these ideas with people you know. For more information on using TED for commercial purposes (e.g. employee learning, in a film or online course), submit a Media Request here:

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  • Why the pandemic is making U.S. economic inequality even worse


    A new survey by the Pew Research Center finds 43 percent of U.S. adults say they or someone in their household has suffered a job loss or pay cut due to COVID-19. With such widespread impact, it will likely take years for the economy to rebound. But what will recovery even look like, as the pandemic exacerbates existing inequalities and vulnerabilities in American society? Paul Solman reports.

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  • When Will Coronavirus Pandemic End?


    The entire world is on lock down, and with everyone quarantined inside their homes, the main question on everyone's mind is When will this nightmare be over?. We wish we had a definitive answer for you, but the global pandemic is an extremely complicated situation. With the death toll of the coronavirus rising, we looked to the experts to try and predict when the world can start to go back to normal.

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  • 7 Businesses That Will Boom After This Pandemic


    Throughout history more billionaires and millionaires are made after a recession and economic crash than any other time. So how do you take advantage of this time?

    The global economy will this year likely suffer the worst financial crisis since the Great Depression due to the Covid-19 pandemic, says the International Monetary Fund.

    The World Trade Organization also said that global trade will contract by between 13% and 32% this year. Also the OECD has warned the economic hit from the virus will be felt “for a long time to come.” No one knows when the corona virus pandemic will end for economic activities to return to normal. But even as uncertainty abounds, life changing opportunities will rear their heads.

    Throughout history, events such as economic recessions and pandemics have changed the trajectory of governments, economies and businesses. The Black Death in the 1300s broke the long-ingrained feudal system in Europe and replaced it with the more modern employment contract.

    The SARS pandemic of 2002-2004 catalyzed the meteoric growth of small companies like Ali Baba and helped establish it at the forefront of retail in Asia. This growth was fueled by underlying anxiety around traveling and human contact, similar to what we see today with Covid-19.

    The financial crises of 2008 also produced its own disruptive side effects. Airbnb and Uber shot up in popularity across the west as the crises forced people to share assets in the form of spare rooms and car rides in order to cover for the deficit.

    With Covid-19, we are already seeing early signs of a shift in how consumers and businesses behave. Remote working is being encouraged by tech and non-tech companies alike, supply chains are getting disrupted globally and retail stores are running out of ibuprofen, dry goods and toilet paper en masse.

    Some of these changes are direct, short-term responses to the crises and will revert to regular levels once Covid-19 is contained. However, some of these shifts will continue on, creating a long-term disruption that will reshape businesses for decades to come.

    While it’s more important to focus on getting out of the health risks posed by the outbreak, you need to keep your eyes on what lies ahead after this pandemic because this global pandemic will shape businesses for decades to come. Here are 7 businesses that will boom after the corona virus pandemic.

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  • Your next phone could lead to another pandemic


    We’ve all heard a lot about China’s “wet markets” as a potential source of pandemics like COVID-19. But there are many other places where viral “spillovers” can happen. We look at one surprising situation that’s directly connected to the electronics we all use every day.

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  • 2020 Menus of Change: Lessons from the Pandemic: Our Health, Our Planet, Our Future


    “Welcome and Introduction”
    • Jacquelyn Chi (Director of Programs and Special Projects, Strategic Initiatives Group, CIA)

    “Menus of Change: Rebuilding—and Reimagining—Our Industry”
    • Greg Drescher (VP of Strategic Initiatives, The Culinary Institute of America)
    • Michael Kaufman (Partner, Astor Group; Chair, Menus of Change Business Leadership Council)

    “Lessons from the Pandemic: Our Health, Our Planet, Our Future”
    In this opening session, we’ll explore the lessons we can so far draw from the COVID-19 pandemic for the state of our food choices, our food system, public health and the environment. While most chefs and operators in our restaurant and foodservice industry are understandably focused on the near-term challenges of re-opening and financial viability, other critical imperatives and trend lines have not gone away. Join us for this topline, practical analysis of how we need to reset our strategic vision for our businesses and our industry so that we not only rebuild, but build back to secure a healthier, more sustainable future for ourselves and our planet.

    • Eliza Barclay (Health and Science Editor, Vox)
    • Daniel Schrag, PhD (Professor, Environmental Science and Engineering, Harvard University; Director, Harvard University Center for the Environment)

  • Responding to Outbreaks


    An outbreak of the Ebola virus hits in western Uganda and caused dozens of illnesses or deaths. In RESPONDING TO OUTBREAKS, a team of investigators from the CDC Special Pathogens Branch travels to Uganda. They work to bring the outbreak under control and learn more about the reservoir hosts for the Ebola and Marburg viruses.
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  • The Rise of Zoonotic Diseases Like COVID-19 and Risks to Humans


    Most new diseases originate from “spillover events” where humans come into contact with wild animals. Veterinarian and scientist Meghan Davis talks to Stephanie Desmon about the rise of infectious diseases and what is being done to prepare for future spillover events. She also covers how a tiger in the Bronx Zoo got a test, and the threats COVID-19 may pose to your own pets.

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  • Every new pandemic starts as a mystery | David Quammen | TEDxBozeman


    David Quammen talks about scary new emerging diseases—such as Ebola, SARS, bird flu, AIDS—and where they emerge from: wildlife. Most are caused by viruses. The phenomenon, when such a virus passes from wild animals into people, is called spillover. Two factors account for the increasing risk of spillovers that may lead to pandemics: disruption (of diverse ecosystems) and connectivity (of the global human population). This is our future.

  • Influenza Pandemics: Past and Future


    In this University of Michigan program, Peter Palese, professor of microbiology at Mount Sinai School of Medicine, takes a historical examination into the influenza. Science has made it possible to reconstruct the virus that caused the great influenza pandemic of 1918-1919. The virus, which killed 50 million people worldwide, can be used to test current vaccines and gain insight into disease formation and transmission.

  • Why diseases like coronavirus are becoming more likely


    Environmental destruction is making the next pandemic more likely. Sprawling cities, habitat loss, and climate change are a dangerous mix.

    Read more about the environmental origins of COVID-19 at Grist:

    For more Grist coronavirus coverage, check out our Climate in the Time of Coronavirus series:

  • Pandemics Worse Than Novel Coronavirus in the History of Mankind


    While things are a little crazy in the world, with COVID-19 taking up all of the news across the globe, we look to the past to offer some guidance on how to best get through these tough times. In today's video we're looking at some of the worst epidemics and pandemics in history, and we'll see how the Coronavirus compares to the Black Plague and other diseases that were much worse.

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  • Epidemic Diseases: Our Constant Companion


    (4:14 - Main Talk - Stephen Hedrick) Stephen Hedrick, a leader in immunology research, takes us through an introduction of epidemiology as a whole, the theory underlying pandemics, and what we can expect based on what we've experienced in the past. Particularly relevant today, we'll learn if COVID-19 will ever go away, why we need a vaccine and what will happen if we don't obtain one based on history. Learn how science can help us prevent and prepare for the next outbreak. [Show ID: 35990]

    NOTE: This video was filmed on May 15, 2020. As doctors and scientists work quickly to figure out the best ways to fight COVID19, this information may become out of date. For the most up to date information and recommendations, please visit the CDC’s website,

    UCTV is the broadcast and online media platform of the University of California, featuring programming from its ten campuses, three national labs and affiliated research institutions. UCTV explores a broad spectrum of subjects for a general audience, including science, health and medicine, public affairs, humanities, arts and music, business, education, and agriculture. Launched in January 2000, UCTV embraces the core missions of the University of California -- teaching, research, and public service – by providing quality, in-depth television far beyond the campus borders to inquisitive viewers around the world.

  • Why are outbreaks of infectious diseases on the rise? | COVID-19 SPECIAL


    COVID-19 is an unprecedented global health crisis in many ways. But the emergence of the
    disease is also part of an alarming pattern. Scientists say the number of new infectious diseases in humans like SARS, MERS and
    COVID-19 has risen dramatically over the last decades.A study showed that the number of emerging infectious diseases in humans almost
    quadrupled between 1940 and 2000. And it’s not just that there are more types of disease. The total number of outbreaks is rising
    too. In fact, the total number of outbreaks of all diseases, both old and new, has roughly
    tripled since 1980. So what is causing the rise of new infectious diseases in our world today? And how do
    humans contribute?


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  • Influenza Viruses and Pandemics


    (November 2, 2009) Lucy S. Tompkins, Professor of Medicine and of Microbiology and Immunology at Stanford, discusses pandemic influenza in the last century, today, and in the future.

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  • How to make pandemics optional, not inevitable | Sonia Shah


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    What can past pandemics teach us how to tackle the current one? Tracing the history of contagions from cholera to Ebola and beyond, science journalist Sonia Shah explains why we're more vulnerable to outbreaks now than ever before, what we can do to minimize the spread of coronavirus and how to prevent future pandemics. (This virtual conversation is part of the TED Connects series, hosted by science curator David Biello and current affairs curator Whitney Pennington Rodgers. Recorded March 31, 2020)

    The TED Talks channel features the best talks and performances from the TED Conference, where the world's leading thinkers and doers give the talk of their lives in 18 minutes (or less). Look for talks on Technology, Entertainment and Design -- plus science, business, global issues, the arts and more. You're welcome to link to or embed these videos, forward them to others and share these ideas with people you know. For more information on using TED for commercial purposes (e.g. employee learning, in a film or online course), submit a Media Request here:

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  • Will Humans Survive the Next Great Epidemic? | Earth Lab


    With technology having helped us defeating diseases, will this make future generations more vulnerable to them due to lack of natural selection?
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    Horizon: Are We Still Evolving?
    Dr Alice Roberts asks one of the great questions about our species: are we still evolving? There's no doubt that we're a product of millions of years of evolution. But thanks to modern technology and medicine, did we escape Darwin's law of the survival of the fittest? Alice follows a trail of clues from ancient human bones, to studies of remarkable people living in the most inhospitable parts of the planet, to the frontiers of genetic research to discover if we are still evolving - and where we might be heading.

    Welcome to BBC Earth Lab! Here we answer all your curious questions about science in the world around you (and further afield too). If there’s a question you have that we haven’t yet answered let us know in the comments on any of our videos and it could be answered by one of our Earth Lab experts.

  • Pandemic Ethics: Human Flourishing During a Crisis


    #Pandemic #Coronavirus
    In the next few weeks, as the covid-19 pandemic perhaps reaches its zenith, Americans will have the opportunity to decide once again what sort of society we intend to be. What moral principles should guide our decisions if we must prioritize or ration care? What moral principles justify—and limit—government restrictions on public gatherings and other activities? How do religious liberty and establishment issues intersect with public policy combating the coronavirus? And how should we think about protecting both human lives and human flourishing? We pulled together a group of academic experts on medicine, ethics, and human flourishing, to answer these questions and hear their take on such a critical issue.

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  • Derek Reveron: Human Security is National Security in a Time of Pandemic


    At the Vox Populi webinar held on May 27, 2020, the question of the relationship of human security to national security was a point that came up in the discussion, with a number of participants wanting to explore this further. With this in mind, what are the implications for how politicians and policymakers conceptualize American foreign and defense policy in the 2020s, especially in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic? How should the United States reconsider the ways it looks at national security?

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    Full transcript coming soon!

  • The Toxic Impact of the Pandemic on Human Nature by William C. Sanderson, Ph.D


    Dr. William Sanderson presents The Toxic Impact of the Pandemic on Human Nature: Adapting CBT Strategies to Reduce Psychological Distress

  • When Will We All Die?: The Statistics of Human Extinction


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    We humans like to think we’re special in basically all ways, but if the history of life is any indication, our species has a limited time on this planet. So the question is: when are we gonna go extinct?

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  • How the Covid-19 pandemic began


    Conspiracies have run wild about the origin of Coronavirus, but experts believe it is most likely that the virus originated from bats. SARS and Covid-19 are diseases that have crossed from other species into humans. This is not uncommon. However, with these particular diseases, the wet markets in China seem to have been the catalyst to this process.

    We decode how wet markets foster the conditions that promote the crossing of disease between species. Why has the Chinese government allowed these markets to flourish despite concerns about their safety? And how should the international community respond to this ongoing potential threat?

    With special thanks to:
    Prof David Heyman - London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. Headed the global response to the SARS outbreak at the WHO.
    Katherine Mason - Medical Anthropologist at Brown University
    Prof Dirk Pfeiffer - Professor of Veterinary Epidemiology and Chair of One Health at City University of Hong Kong
    Dr Amesh Adalja - Senior Scholar at the Johns Hopkins University Centre for Health Security. Expert on emerging infectious disease, pandemic preparedness, and biosecurity.
    Sophia Yan - China correspondent, The Telegraph

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  • During the COVID-19 pandemic, how can you make new friends from home?


    D-C therapist Dr. Kathleen Smith offers some tips on making new friends during the COVID-19 Pandemic along with setting appropriate virus-related boundaries.

  • Nature and the Covid-19 pandemic


    The coronavirus outbreak has shocked and surprised the world, but for many disease ecologists, Covid-19 may be just the beginning of many more mass pandemics. There is now growing evidence that we humans could be to blame. This week on the programme, we look at the potential link between the destruction of our ecosystems and the rise in animal-borne diseases, but also at how nature could be one our greatest allies in the fight against Covid-19.

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  • What Happens When There Is A Pandemic? | CORONAVIRUS


    This is everything you need to know for when a virus becomes a pandemic.
    Mask vs No Mask Lab Results - Do they work?

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  • Intimacy in Isolation: How Technologies are Impacting Human Connection During the Pandemic


    COVID-19 is challenging that most primal of human instincts — to be together. We’re just a few weeks into physical isolation and many are feeling lonely, agitated, and afraid. Advances in technology and widespread access to broadband have offered novel ways to connect despite the physical distance (aside from the now ubiquitous Zoom) — from Love is Quarantine to TikTok cloud raves to virtual happy hours to QuarantineChat.

    As the timeline for the pandemic drags on, what about the potential long-term effects? Is this type of interaction sustainable? How can we even measure and understand its impact? To what extent will this type of interaction change our understanding of what it means to be in a community and/or a society? This conversation explores the opportunities and challenges of technology as a cure for isolation.

  • UN warns of more pandemics if humans continue to exploit natural world


    The United Nations investigates how diseases spread from animals and humans, with wildlife advocates saying protecting the health of nature will help protect people.

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  • How human activity impacts the planets ecology and leads to viral outbreaks


    COVID-19 cases are spiking around the world, with more than 250,000 cases as of Friday and more than 10,000 deaths. Dr. Michele Barry, director of the Center for Innovation in Global Health at Stanford University, says the coronavirus and other similar outbreaks are a result of humans changing the planet's ecology. She says the destruction of natural habitats and people moving into closer contact with animal species leads to such deadly pathogens jumping to humans. The coronavirus wreaking havoc on the world, officially known as SARS-CoV-2, is believed to have originated in bats. We have changed the ecology of how we live with animals, Dr. Barry says. Climate change, deforestation and changing ecology is crucial for how we have animal and human ecology change.


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  • Trump on US coronavirus deaths: It is what it is


    President Donald Trump said the United States' staggering death toll from coronavirus is what it is in a new interview, again giving his administration credit for its response despite ongoing surges in new cases and a human toll that far outpaces that of any other nation.
    When confronted with the US' daily death toll and Trump's messaging on the pandemic during an interview with Axios on HBO that aired Monday night, the President grew defensive and appeared frustrated by Jonathan Swan's questions about the crisis.
    I've gone to your rallies. I've talked to your people. They love you. They listen to you. They listen to every word you say. They hang on your every word, Swan said. And so when they hear you say, 'everything's under control. Don't worry about wearing masks,' I mean, these are people -- many of them are older people.
    Well, what's your definition of control? Trump replied, adding: I think it's under control.
    How? A thousand Americans are dying a day, Swan said.
    They are dying. That's true. And you -- it is what it is, Trump said emphatically. But that doesn't mean we aren't doing everything we can. It's under control as much as you can control it.
    Trump has frequently defended his administration's performance to the pandemic but rarely expresses grief for the victims. When the US surged past 100,000 confirmed deaths in late May -- after weeks of Trump projecting a toll well short of that mark -- the President declined to make a public statement until the next day, tweeting about the victims amid a morning tweetstorm of insults and grievances.
    When pressed on the US death toll in the Axios interview, Trump repeatedly pointed to the proportion of deaths to confirmed coronavirus cases, rather than the proportion of deaths to the US population, a figure that is arguably more telling of the state of the pandemic in the country given that the US has less than 5% of the world's population but around 25% of global deaths from Covid-19.

    #Trump #CNN #News

  • How the pandemic is accelerating changes in healthcare | CNBC Make It


    The coronavirus has accelerated developments in the medical technology industry, which was undergoing changes even before the outbreak. CNBC Make It’s Karen Gilchrist speaks to three entrepreneurs to get the pulse on how they’re transforming healthcare amid the pandemic.



    lil spooked about the pandemic since I have asthma so thought I'd just research three of the top plagues from history

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  • Coronavirus: UN warns of new diseases - News Review


    The UN is warning that more zoonotic diseases like Ebola, West Nile fever, SARS and Covid-19 could make the jump from animals to humans unless we change the way we do things. Neil and Catherine look at the vocabulary in the news around this story.

    Video chapters
    0:00 - Introduction
    0:36 - The story
    2:02 - Headline 1: New UN report outlines ways to curb growing spread of animal-to-human diseases
    4:52 - Headline 2: UN warns of 'steady stream' of infectious diseases unless world tackles wildlife exploitation
    7:19 - Headline 3: Preventing the next pandemic: Zoonotic diseases and how to break the chain of transmission
    10:18 - Language summary

    Key words and phrases:
    gives the main ideas
    *The boss always outlines her spending plans for the year in March.
    *The government’s outlined its economic recovery plan following the coronavirus pandemic.

    steady stream
    continuous flow of something
    *Ed Sheeran’s had a steady stream of hits over the last few years.
    *Top football clubs produce a steady stream of talented young players.

    break the chain
    stop a series of related events
    *To give up smoking, you need to break the chain of addiction.
    *Breaking the chain of infection is one way of stopping the spread of coronavirus.

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    *Please note: We have decided to activate YouTube's automatic subtitles on this video. The BBC is not responsible for the accuracy of YouTube automatic subtitles.
    #bbclearningenglish #coronavirus #diseases #newsreview #pandemic #covid19

  • Economic Lessons from Past Pandemics


    It's a weird time to be alive. A pandemic is sweeping the world and life as we know it has gone through a seismic shift in a matter of weeks. But this isn't the first time humans have encountered an epidemic. Today, Danielle (from the safety of her Chicago flat) looks back at a few of the world's biggest pandemics. From the Black Death of the 1300s to the 17th c. Plague and the 1918 Spanish Flu, Danielle explores the human and economic tolls of past pandemics and what we can learn to prepare for life during and after COVID-19.

    Special thanks to our Historian Harry Brisson on Patreon! Join him at

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    Origin of Everything is a show about the undertold histories and cultural dialogues that make up our collective story. From the food we eat, to the trivia and fun facts we can’t seem to get out of our heads, to the social issues we can’t stop debating, everything around us has a history. Origin of Everything is here to explore it all. We like to think that no topic is too small or too challenging to get started.

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  • Studying Human Nature During a Pandemic


    Over the last two months governments all over the world have been engaged in persuading - if not prescribing - their citizens to behave in ways that go against their habits acquired throughout their lives. To discuss why, for the most part, people have complied, The Agenda welcomes Dan Ariely, professor of psychology and behavioural economics at Duke University, who's famous for his studies concerning how to nudge people in making better choices.

  • 7 Ways to MAKE MONEY and IMPROVE YOURSELF During This Pandemic


    The pandemic of the COVID19 is changing the world rapidly, and those that are not taking action today might be left behind. You have to work on yourself and work on your skills to become the best that you could ever be.

    Even though this period is hard for everyone, you can make the best out of it if you have a positive and optimistic mindset.

    Your mind is more powerful than you think! Use it to your advantage and start changing the world today with these 3 tips on how to improve yourself, and 4 career paths that can make you A LOT of money, starting THIS YEAR.

    #online #coronavirus #money

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  • Human challenge studies: Coronavirus Pandemic—Daily Report with Rishi Desai, MD, MPH


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    Stay on top of the latest COVID-19 news with the Osmosis Coronavirus Pandemic Daily Report. In each report, Osmosis Chief Medical Officer Rishi Desai, MD, MPH, will deliver a short, focused explanation of a specific COVID-19 topic, and provide updates on the current status of the pandemic, both within the US and globally.

    Today's update focuses on COVID-19 and human challenge studies.

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  • How to prevent the next zoonotic pandemic? | COVID-19 Special


    More than 11 million people worldwide have officially contracted the Coronavirus so far, almost 550,000 are linked to Covid-19. While we are still battling this pandemic - and prepare for future ones, scientists believe it's wise to trace back the steps the virus has been taking.
    Coronavirus has made us re-examine our relationship with animals. The virus originated in a species that was not our own, and it follows many others. Swine flu, bird flu, Ebola and Sars are all what are known as zoonotic diseases.That means they jumped from animals to humans. Scientists hope to catch any potential new ones before they make that leap.
    In China, researchers have discovered a new version of the swine-flu. It belongs to the H1N1 virus type - which in 2009 kicked off a pandemic that killed more than 18.000 people. Scientists warn that the recently discovered version also has all the characteristics to also pose a threat to humans.
    So what can we do to prevent another worldwide outbreak spreading from the animal kingdom to us?


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    #Coronavirus #Covid19 #Zoonosis