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Metabolic Acidosis Explained CLEARLY (Anion Gap vs. Non Anion Gap)

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  • Metabolic Acidosis Explained CLEARLY

    17:15

    Metabolic Acidosis Illustrated by Roger Seheult, MD. This video is from the Basic Metabolic Panel (BMP) Results (also known as the Chem-7) Explained Clearly Series:

    In this course, renowned instructor Dr. Seheult concisely explains the key components of how to interpret BMP / Chem-7 Results (one of the most commonly ordered lab tests by clinicians!):

    - A clear understanding of each possible BMP result: hypernatremia and hyponatremia, hyperkalemia and hypokalemia, chloride and bicarbonate problems, BUN and creatinine problems, and hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia

    - Initial management and treatment recommendations based on the BMP result

    - Guidelines for when to order a BMP, and tips for following serial BMPs

    - A clinical perspective of BMP nuances, pitfalls, and patterns

    Join Dr. Seheult for the next video in this series at

    This video features illustrations of metabolic acidosis and why it is important to know if you're dealing with an anion gap metabolic acidosis or a non-anion gap metabolic acidosis.


    INSTRUCTOR

    Roger Seheult, MD
    Co-Founder of MedCram.com
    Clinical and Exam Preparation Instructor
    Board Certified in Internal Medicine, Pulmonary Disease, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine.

    Visit for top-rated medical videos, over 30 hours of category 1 CME and CE, and over 100 free lectures.

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    #metabolicacidosis #aniongap #internalmedicine

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  • Metabolic Acidosis - Anion Gap -- M Lam

    3:26

    Dr. Lam describes how the anion gap is calculated in the context of a metabolic acidosis.

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  • Metabolic Acidosis VS Metabolic Alkalosis

    2:51

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  • Anion Gap EXPLAINED

    6:54

    Ever wondered what on earth the Anion Gap was all about? Yeah us neither. But when you've got yourself a metabolic acidosis, this is a good place to start.

    If you liked this, why not subscribe? And more importantly, let us know what you'd like to see us cover next.

  • x
  • Normal Anion Gap Metabolic Acidosis

    21:34

    A lecture on the differential diagnosis of a normal anion gap metabolic acidosis, focusing on renal tubular acidosis, but also covering diarrhea, saline infusion, hyperkalemia, kidney failure, and ureteral diversion

  • Anion Gap || Anion Gap For The Assessment of Metabolic Acidosis

    9:07

    Anion Gap For The Assessment of Metabolic Acidosis - This is the video on Anion Gap which is important biochemical tool used for the assessment of metabolic acidosis with NEET PG MCQs

    Definition of Anion Gap - 00:20 minutes
    Anion Gap Formula - 00:59 minutes
    Anion Gap Calculation - 00:59 minutes
    Normal range of Anion Gap - 02:00 minutes
    Clinical Significance of Anion Gap - 02:10 minutes
    Metabolic Acidosis Associated with Increased Anion Gap - 02:36 minutes
    Increased anion gap acidosis or Normochloremic acidosis - 02:36 minutes
    Metabolic Acidosis Associated with Normal Anion Gap - 03:36 minutes
    Hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis or normal anion gap acidosis - 03:36 minutes
    Causes Metabolic Acidosis Associated with Increased and Normal Anion Gap - 04:41 minutes
    NEET PG MCQs - 06:54 minutes

    The concept of anion gap originally was developed when it was found that if the sum of the Cl– and HCO3_ values was subtracted from the Na+ and K+ values the difference or ‘gap’ averaged 16 mEq/L in healthy individuals.

    The anion gap is the difference between unmeasured anions and ummeasured cations and is estimated as

    Anion gap = ([Na+] + [K+]) – ([Cl–] + [HCO3– ])
    = (142 + 4) – (103 + 27)
    = 146 – 130
    = 16 mEq/L

    The anion gap is a biochemical tool which sometimes helps in assessing acid-base problems.

    It is used for the diagnosis of different causes of metabolic acidosis.

    Link for the Playlist on Acid Base Balance and Its Disorders


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  • Elevated Anion Gap Metabolic Acidosis

    42:45

    A review of the differential diagnosis of an elevated anion gap metabolic acidosis, focusing predominantly on lactic acid, ketoacids, and toxic alcohols (i.e. methanol, ethylene glycol, and propylene glycol). Also includes discussion of renal failure, oxoproline, toluene, and paraldeyhyde.

    Use of the VA and Stanford name/logos is only to indicate my academic affiliation, and neither implies endorsement nor ownership of the included material.

  • Non-Anion Gap Metabolic Acidosis - Updated Version

    11:36

    Inspired by Dr. Myat Soe, MD

    Internal Medicine Series: Clinical Clerkships

    Overview and Causes of Non-Anion Gap Metabolic Acidosis

    Made with help of Blueberry Flashback Recorder

  • Elevated Anion Gap Metabolic Acidoses - Abridged

    24:11

    An abridged version of a lecture on the differential diagnosis and diagnostic work-up of an elevated anion gap metabolic acidosis

  • x
  • Medical Acid Base Balance, Disorders & ABGs Explained Clearly

    12:34

    Understand medical acid base balance and problems with this clear explanation from Dr. Seheult. See the whole acid base video series free at This video is part of the MedCram Remastered series: A video we've re-edited & sped up to make learning even more efficient.

    This medical acid-base course includes:
    - The difference between acidosis, academia, alkalosis, and alkalemia
    - Anion gap, metabolic acidosis, metabolic alkalosis, respiratory acidosis, respiratory alkalosis, and acid-base practice problems
    - Acid base physiology, Arterial blood gasses (ABGs), pH, and relevant equations

    Visit for this entire course and over 100 free lectures. This is the home for all new and updated MedCram medical videos (many videos, medical lectures, and quizzes are not on YouTube).

    Speaker: Roger Seheult, MD
    Co-Founder of MedCram.com (
    Clinical and Exam Preparation Instructor
    Board Certified in Internal Medicine, Pulmonary Disease, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine.

    MedCram: Medical education topics explained clearly including: Respiratory lectures such as Asthma and COPD. Renal lectures on Acute Renal Failure and Adrenal Gland. Internal medicine videos on Oxygen Hemoglobin Dissociation Curve and Medical Acid Base. A growing library on critical care topics such as Shock and sepsis, Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA), and Mechanical Ventilation. Cardiology videos on Hypertension, ECG / EKG Interpretation, and heart failure. VQ Mismatch and Hyponatremia lectures have been popular among medical students and physicians. The Pulmonary Function Tests (PFTs) videos and Ventilator-associated pneumonia bundles and lectures have been particularly popular with RTs. NPs and PAs have given great feedback on Pneumonia Treatment and Liver Function Tests among many others. Many nursing students have found the Asthma and shock lectures very helpful.

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    Please note: MedCram medical videos, medical lectures, medical illustrations, and medical animations are for medical education and exam preparation purposes, and not intended to replace recommendations by your doctor or healthcare provider.

  • Metabolic acidosis - The Acid-Base Series

    10:53

    Always been confused as to what the anion gap means? Learn it in this workup to metabolic acidosis, jammed in 10 minutes of your time.
    Take home messages: every metabolic acidosis requires the calculation of the anion gap. If increased, use a mnemonic like KILOGRAM, MUDPILES or GOLDMARK. Next, calculate osmolar gap.

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  • ANION GAP | Ridiculously simple

    8:32

    A follow up video to my arterial blood gas video. It was honestly a really confusing topic for me in med school. I've made it as simple as possible with easy to understand illustrations and examples!
    PS: For an HD illustrative experience watch in 1080p!

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  • Non-Anion Gap Metabolic Acidosis - GI/GU Losses

    6:39

    Internal Medicine Series: Clinical Clerkships

    Overview and Causes of Non-Anion Gap Metabolic Acidosis

    [Updated version]:


    Made with help of Blueberry Flashback Recorder

  • The Anion Gap in Metabolic Acidosis

    8:51

    Using the anion gap to distinguish between basic causes of metabolic acidosis

  • Anion gap metabolic acidosis usmle - How to Calculate and

    8:14

    Anion gap usmle -
    anion gap metabolic acidosis
    normal anion gap metabolic acidosis

  • Metabolic Acidosis

    1:5:41

    Ninja Nerds,

    In this lecture, Zach Murphy, PA-C will present on Metabolic Acidosis. We hope you enjoy this lecture and be sure to check out all of our social media pages and ways to support us below!

    Join this channel to get access to perks:


    Support us by purchasing apparel and donating to our Patreon!

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  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis Explained Clearly - Diabetes Complications

    13:14

    Understand Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA) with this clear explanation from Dr. Seheult of

    This is video 1 of 2 on diabetic ketoacidosis (pathophysiology and signs of diabetic ketoacidosis / DKA):

    0:08 DKA stats
    0:47 DKA - cellular anatomy
    1:00 mitochondria
    1:48 beta-oxidation
    2:30 insulin function
    3:08 pyruvate
    3:19 diabetes mellitus type 1
    3:26 diabetes mellitus type 2
    4:48 ketone bodies (acetone, acetoacetate, b-hydroxybutyrate)
    6:09 carboxylic acid
    6:23 conjugate base (anion gap acidosis)
    7:38 beta-oxidation
    8:17 DKA review
    8:57 diabetic ketoacidosis - hyperkalemia
    9:37 diabetic ketoacidosis - dehydration
    9:50 osmotic diuresis
    10:10 dehydration
    10:27 diabetic ketoacidosis - potassium effects
    11:04 diabetic ketoacidosis - Cr elevation / renal failure
    11:30 anion gap metabolic acidosis
    12:09 measuring ketone bodies (serum ketones, b-hydroxybutyrate)

    Speaker: Roger Seheult, MD
    Clinical and Exam Preparation Instructor
    Board Certified in Internal Medicine, Pulmonary Disease, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine.

    MedCram: Medical topics explained clearly including: Asthma, COPD, Acute Renal Failure, Mechanical Ventilation, Oxygen Hemoglobin Dissociation Curve, Hypertension, Shock, Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA), Medical Acid Base, VQ Mismatch, Hyponatremia, Liver Function Tests, Pulmonary Function Tests (PFTs), Adrenal Gland, Pneumonia Treatment, internal medicine, usmle prep, dka, and many others. New topics are often added weekly- please subscribe to help support MedCram and become notified when new videos have been uploaded.

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    Recommended Audience: Health care professionals and medical students: including physicians, nurse practitioners, physician assistants, nurses, respiratory therapists, EMT and paramedics, and many others. Review for USMLE, MCAT, PANCE, NCLEX, NAPLEX, NDBE, RN, RT, MD, DO, PA, NP school and board examinations.

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    Please note: MedCram medical videos, medical lectures, medical illustrations, and medical animations are for medical education and exam preparation purposes, and not intended to replace recommendations by your health care provider.

  • Acid Base Disorders and ABG Interpretation | Introduction

    58:08

    Ninja Nerds,

    In this lecture, Zach Murphy, PA-C will present on acid base disorders and arterial blood gas (ABG) interpretation. We hope you enjoy this lecture and be sure to check out all of our social media pages and ways to support us below!

    Full Lecture Notes & Diagrams:

    Join this channel to get access to perks:


    Support us by purchasing apparel and donating to our Patreon!

    --Become a Patron of ours and receive the final, high resolution photo of the lecture!

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  • Easy rules for assessing metabolic compensation.

    7:29

    Learn some super-simple rules that will help you decide whether compensation is adequate or not. You'll learn exactly how the lungs compensate a metabolic problem and how the kidneys compensate a respiratory problem.

    Learn how to resolve acid-base problems with a simple, four-step approach in our Acid-Base Essentials course. Dr. Franz Wiesbauer and Dr Rainer Oberbauer join forces to cover important topics like anion gap, mixed acid-base problems, and compensation. Get access now by joining up for a FREE Medmastery Trial account.

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  • How to Remember the Causes of Metabolic Acidosis

    2:02

    A mnemonic and trick to help you remember the differential diagnosis of a high anion gap metabolic acidosis and normal anion gap metabolic acidosis.

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  • ABG Interpretation: The Delta Ratio and Triple Disorders

    21:14

    How to use the delta ratio (a.k.a. the delta-delta) and the delta gap to diagnose mixed metabolic disorders, including triple acid-base disorders

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  • Acidosis and Alkalosis MADE EASY

    5:28

    In this video, Dr Mike explains the mechanism behind respiratory and metabolic based acidosis and alkalosis.

  • Anion Gap Explained | Normal and High Anion Gap Metabolic Acidosis simplified

    6:55

    Hello friends. This is video is about Anion Gap. It covers concept and clinical implications of Anion Gap. It also includes simplified explanation of Normal and High Anion Gap Metabolic Acidosis. Do watch full video for better understanding.

    ABG Interpretation (Primary Disorder and Compensation):
    ____________________________
    00:00 : Introduction.
    00:25 : Basic concept and formula.
    02:30 : Normal Anion Gap Metabolic Acidosis (NAGMA).
    03:05 : High Anion Gap Metabolic Acidosis (HAGMA).
    03:39 : Causes of Normal Anion Gap Metabolic Acidosis (NAGMA).
    04:07 : High Anion Gap Metabolic Acidosis (HAGMA).
    04:43 : Albumin and Anion Gap.
    05:17 : Example.

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  • USMLE Renal 9: Anion Gap Explained

    19:15

    Want to support the channel? Be a patron at:
    Welcome to LY Med, where I go over everything you need to know for the USMLE STEP 1, with new videos every day.

    Follow along with First Aid, or with my notes which can be found here:

    Thought you were done with renal physiology? Wrong! This next video is incredibly important and often tested on the boards. This is acid base homeostasis. Now you know your kidneys are very important in acid base control, as it helps move H+ and bicarb. Changes here are called metabolic acidosis or alkalosis. You should also know that your lungs are important in balance by controlling CO2. If you want to retain some acid, you hypoventilate. Conversely, if you want to lose acid you will hyperventilate. Changes here are called respiratory acidosis and alkalosis respectively. Some rules to keep in mind: your body likes homeostasis and will compensate if there is some sort of acidosis or alkalosis. However compensation is never complete and metabolic compensation takes a while. Now let's talk about some changes.
    Respiratory alkalosis: this occurs when you hyperventilate and you breathe out CO2. CO2 levels in labs will be low. Causes include hypoxemia, pulmonary embolus and early salicylate toxicity as it stimulates the respiratory center.
    Respiratory acidosis: this occurs in hypoventilation and retention of the acidic CO2. Causes include obstruction, opitate overdose, lung disease and neuromuscular pathologies.
    Metabolic alkalosis: this is due to loss of H+ or retention of bicarbonate. This can occur in vomiting and diarrhea, antacid use, diuretics especially loop diuretics via contraction alkalosis and hyperaldosteronism.
    Metabolic acidosis: this can be broken into anion gap and non-anion gap. What is the anion gap? Well in your body you have cations (like sodium and potassium) as well as anions like chloride and bicarbonate. Now your serum is neutral so you expect if you subtract anions from cations, it'll be zero. However it isn't! It's a positive number, meaning there is more cations than anions and this we call the anion gap. Why isn't it zero? Well because our equation doesn't account for some mystery anions/acids floating around. If you increase these acids than it increases your anion gap and causes anion gap acidosis. Causes of anion-gap acidosis include ingestion of formic acid, DKA, propylene and ethylene glycol (turns to oxalic acid), salicylate toxicity (late), lactic acidosis, iron overdose, isoniazid, and uremia (a result of metabolic acidosis).
    Non-anion gap acidosis: this is due to loss of bicarb and increased reabsorption of chloride to compensate. Causes include acetazolamide, renal tubular acidosis and hypoaldosteronism.
    We'll quickly talk about renal tubular acidosis here. You have several types. Type 2 works in your PCT and stops you from reabsorbing bicarb. Type 1 works on your alpha intercalated cell that stops excretion of H+, and type 4 is due to a failure of aldosterone.

    Our last topic will talk about common acid base charts and graphs they like to test you on.

  • METABOLIC ACIDOSIS MADE EASY!! WITH MNEMONICS & VISUALS !!

    4:50

    Hi friends. This is a video on metabolic acidosis. I have tried to make this important topic as simple as possible with interesting mnemonics and visuals. These mnemonics act as memory boosters helping you to retain facts for longer time. I hope it'll help you.
    If you like the content, do like and share the video and subscribe to our channel to get updates about my new videos. Thanks guys for watching the video.

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  • Medical Acid Base Balance, Disorders & ABGs Explained Clearly

    13:41

    Understand medical acid base problems with this clear explanation from Dr. Seheult of
    Illustrations explain acidosis, acidemia, alkalosis, alkalemia, ABGs, pH, and more. This is video 1 of 8 on medical acid base.

    Other videos in the acid-base series cover the key points of anion gap, metabolic acidosis, metabolic alkalosis, respiratory acidosis, respiratory alkalosis, and include practice problems to test your understanding.

    Speaker: Roger Seheult, MD
    Clinical and Exam Preparation Instructor
    Board Certified in Internal Medicine, Pulmonary Disease, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine.
    Co-founder of

    MedCram: Medical topics explained clearly including: Asthma, COPD, Acute Renal Failure, Mechanical Ventilation, Oxygen Hemoglobin Dissociation Curve, Hypertension, Shock, Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA), Medical Acid Base, VQ Mismatch, Hyponatremia, Liver Function Tests, internal medicine, Pulmonary Function Tests (PFTs), Adrenal Gland, Pneumonia Treatment, and many others. New topics are often added weekly- please subscribe to help support MedCram and become notified when new videos have been uploaded.

    Subscribe:

    Recommended Audience: Health care professionals and medical students: including physicians, nurse practitioners, physician assistants, nurses, respiratory therapists, EMT and paramedics, and many others. Review for usmle, mcat, pance, nclex, naplex, ndbe, nbme, RN, RT, MD, DO, PA, NP school and board examinations.

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    Produced by Kyle Allred PA-C

    Please note: MedCram medical videos, medical lectures, medical illustrations, and medical animations are for medical education and exam preparation purposes, and not intended to replace recommendations by your health care provider. MedCram also makes no guarantee about performance on exams such as USMLE, MCAT, PANCE, NCLEX, NAPLEX, NDBE, and others.

  • ABG Interpretation: The Anion Gap

    18:57

    A discussion of the anion gap, including its calculation and its use in categorizing metabolic acidoses, including multiple examples of acid-base interpretation.

  • P-Video: Rule of 15 for Anion Gap Metabolic Acidosis

    2:08

    Quick rule of 15 to help you determine whether pCO2 is appropriately decreased to compensate for anion gap metabolic acidosis by Dr. Jeremy Faust and Dr. Corey Slovis.

  • Metabolic Acidosis - CRASH! Medical Review Series

    37:49

    (Disclaimer: The medical information contained herein is intended for physician medical licensing exam review purposes only, and are not intended for diagnosis of any illness. If you think you may be suffering from any medical condition, you should consult your physician or seek immediate medical attention.)

  • Medical Acid Base and ABGs Explained Clearly by MedCram.com | 3 of 8

    12:03

    Understand medical acid base problems with this clear explanation from Dr. Seheult of This is video 3 of 8 on medical acid base.

    Speaker: Roger Seheult, MD
    Clinical and Exam Preparation Instructor
    Board Certified in Internal Medicine, Pulmonary Disease, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine.
    Co-founder of

    MedCram: Medical topics explained clearly including: Asthma, COPD, Acute Renal Failure, Mechanical Ventilation, Oxygen Hemoglobin Dissociation Curve, Hypertension, Shock, Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA), Medical Acid Base, VQ Mismatch, Hyponatremia, Liver Function Tests, Pulmonary Function Tests (PFTs), Adrenal Gland, Pneumonia Treatment, any many others. New topics are often added weekly- please subscribe to help support MedCram and become notified when new videos have been uploaded.

    Subscribe:

    Recommended Audience: Health care professionals and medical students: including physicians, nurse practitioners, physician assistants, nurses, respiratory therapists, EMT and paramedics, and many others. Review for USMLE, MCAT, PANCE, NCLEX, NAPLEX, NDBE, RN, RT, MD, DO, PA, NP school and board examinations.

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    Please note: MedCram medical videos, medical lectures, medical illustrations, and medical animations are for medical educational and exam preparation purposes, and not intended to replace recommendations by your health care provider.

  • Urine Anion Gap

    4:43

  • Medical Acid Base and ABGs Explained Clearly by MedCram.com | 6 of 8

    17:05

    Dr. Seheult, of works through medical acid base practice problems. He clarifies the calculation of anion gap and differences between acute and chronic respiratory acidosis and alkalosis, metabolic acidosis and alkalosis. Video 6 of 8 on medical acid base.

    Speaker: Roger Seheult, MD
    Clinical and Exam Preparation Instructor
    Board Certified in Internal Medicine, Pulmonary Disease, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine.
    Co-founder of

    Recommended Audience: Health care professionals and medical students including physicians, nurse practitioners, physician assistants, nurses, respiratory therapists, EMT and paramedics, and many others. Review for USMLE, MCAT, PANCE, NCLEX, NAPLEX, NDBE, RN, RT, MD, DO, PA, NP school and board examinations.

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  • Medical Acid Base and ABGs Explained Clearly by MedCram.com | 7 of 8

    16:37

    Understand medical acid base problems with this clear explanation from Dr. Seheult of This is video 7 of 8 on medical acid base.

    Speaker: Roger Seheult, MD
    Clinical and Exam Preparation Instructor
    Board Certified in Internal Medicine, Pulmonary Disease, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine.
    Co-founder of

    Recommended Audience: Health care professionals and medical students including physicians, nurse practitioners, physician assistants, nurses, respiratory therapists, EMT and paramedics, and many others. Review for USMLE, MCAT, PANCE, NCLEX, NAPLEX, NDBE, RN, RT, MD, DO, PA, NP school and board examinations.

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  • ABG Interpretation: Mixed Acid-Base Disorders with Normal pH

    19:17

    Discussion of how to diagnose complex acid-base disorders in which the overall pH is normal. Multiple examples are included and worked out in detail.

  • High vs Normal Anion Gap Metabolic Acidosis - Mnemonic

    3:25

    Learn what is the difference in high vs normal anion gap metabolic acidosis and the causes for each with the MUDPILES mnemonic for high anion gap metabolic acidosis and the HARD UP mnemonic for normal anion gap metabolic acidosis.

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    Video Timestamps:
    0:00 Intro
    0:08 How to calculate the serum anion gap
    0:49 What does the anion gap show?
    1:05 Causes of High Anion Gap Metabolic Acidosis - MUDPILES mnemonic
    1:50 Causes of a Normal Anion Gap Metabolic Acidosis - HARD UP mnemonic

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    Other Questions answered and video tags:
    High vs Normal Anion Gap Metabolic Acidosis
    High vs Normal Anion Gap Metabolic Acidosis Mnemonic
    High anion gap metabolic acidosis mnemonic
    High anion gap metabolic acidosis mnemonic MUDPILES
    What is the difference between high and normal anion gap metabolic acidosis
    What is the difference in high vs normal anion gap metabolic acidosis?
    Causes of high anion gap metabolic acidosis
    Causes of high anion gap metabolic acidosis mudpiles
    Causes of normal anion gap metabolic acidosis
    Causes of normal anion gap metabolic acidosis hardup
    What are the causes of high anion gap metabolic acidosis
    What are the causes of normal anion gap metabolic acidosis
    Mudpiles mnemonic metabolic acidosis
    How to calculate the serum anion gap
    What is a normal serum anion gap
    What does the anion gap show?

    Please remember this video is meant for educational purposes is not intended to be a guide to diagnose or to treat. Please consult a healthcare professional for medical advice.

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  • Anion Gap Metabolic acidosis made easy ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW

    12:12

    Anion gap metabolic acidosis all you need to know EXPLAINED VERY EASILY.for USMLE PLAB MRCP FCPS-1 it is an important topic .Ever wondered what on earth the Anion Gap was all about? Yeah us neither. But when you've got yourself a metabolic acidosis, this is a good place to start.
    This complex topic has been put into graphic form for better your understanding.by the end of this video you will have mastered anion gap and will be able to easily answer related to it on your teST .ANION GAP acid base balace all you need to know for your test.

  • Metabolic Acidoses & the Anion Gap

    16:54

    A simplified explanation of the anion gap and how to utilize it to determine the cause of a metabolic acidosis.


    Dinh et al. (2006):


    Brubaker et al. (2020):


    Life in the Fast Lane:

  • Evaluation of non anion gap metabolic acidosis

    6:46

    Beyond The Pearls Season 3 with Professor Raj Dasgupta. for more case studies.

    Welcome to Season 3 of 'Beyond The Pearls'! I am working diligently to bring you more great content that can help you pass your board exams. Check out this case study 1 - where I go over the evaluation of non anion gap metabolic acidosis. Thank you for watching dudes!!

  • Demystifying ANION GAP with Animations

    1:3:19

    Anion Gap Visual Lecture's notes available in our Facebook Group:

    Intro to Anion gap 00:00
    Derivation of Anion gap equation 00:58
    Concept of cation and anion 01:35
    Calculation of Anion gap 09:29
    What are unmeasured Anions 10:09
    Increased Anion Gap Metabolic Acidosis 12:10
    Lactic Acidosis 12:31
    Concept of Ketoacidosis 23:45
    Normal Anion Gap Metabolic Acidosis 26:26
    Role of Chloride ion in Anion Gap / Maintaining electrical neutrality 27:03
    Hyperchloremic Metabolic Acidosis 29:47
    Causes of Normal Anion Gap Metabolic Acidosis 30:38
    Normal Anion Gap Metabolic Acidosis in Diarrhea 31:27
    Role of Kidney in reabsorption of Bicarbonate ion 34:19
    Normal Anion Gap Metabolic Acidosis in Renal Tubular Acidosis and Carbonic Anhydrase toxicity/overdose 38:20
    Role of Aldosterone 39:40
    Hyperkalemic Hyperchloremic Metabolic Acidosis 41:41
    Addison's disease 43:18
    Chronic Renal Failure and Increased Anion Gap Metabolic Acidosis 46:58
    Significance/Uses of Anion Gap 51:33
    Increased Anion Gap causes 54:37
    Decreased Anion Gap causes 56:39
    Lithium Toxicity 57:36

    Website:
    Email: draizaz@medicovisual.com

  • Video 4: Simplified: Non Anion Gap Metabolic Acidosis

    9:30

    This video on Normal Anion Gap Metabolic Acidosis, is a part of lecture series on Acid-Base disorders. It is simple yet exhaustive.

  • High Anion Gap Metabolic Acidosis - Easy Mnemonics

    2:02

    Easy way to remember high anion gap metabolic acidosis, with mnemonic, is explained in this video. High anion gap metabolic acidosis is caused by glycols, acetaminophen poisoning, lactic acidosis, methanol, ethanol, renal failure, ketoacidosis, iron and isoniazid. This topic is highly tested in various competitive exams like USMLE, MRCP and other PG entrance exams.

    Subscribe to our channel:

    Links for related playlists:
    1. Mnemonics:

    2. High Yield:

    3. Acid-Base Disorders:

    4.Biochemistry:

    5.Physiology:

    6: All Playlists:

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    For suggestions and queries: extensivemedicine@gmail.com

  • Acidosis - USMLE Step 2 Review

    9:37

    This is a review of the presentation, causes and treatment of metabolic and respiratory acidosis intended for medical students preparing for step 2 of the USMLE or COMLEX or others learning clinical medicine.

  • High Anion Gap Metabolic Acidosis

    15:01

    #hagma#aetcm#aniongap

  • Acid Base Mnemonic for Anion Gap Metabolic Acidosis: Quick & EZ Episode 14

    3:27

    Anion gap metabolic acidosis and calculation is made easy using this mnemonic! Great for medical and nursing, as well as NCLEX, USMLE, or COMLEX prep!

    Acid base status is important in determining the presence of metabolic acidosis, metabolic alkalosis, respiratory acidosis, or respiratory alkalosis. Metabolic acidosis can be assessed further by calculating the anion gap.

    The main causes of a high anion gap metabolic acidosis can be remembered using the simple mnemonic in the video and include DKA or diabetic ketoacidosis, methanol, ethanol, uremia, and lactate to name a few.

    If you found the video content useful, consider subscribing to the EZmed channel so you don't miss out on future medical topics made easy!

    For additional information on metabolic acidosis as well as other medical topics made easy, check out the EZmed website below:



    If you want to perform well in class, ace your exams, and keep up with your medical knowledge clinically, consider following EZmed on Instagram for high yield content!

    Instagram: @ezmedlearning

    Thanks for watching!

    EZmed

  • Causes of Metabolic acidosis with Normal Anion Gap. Mnemonic

    1:51

    Raza Medical Mnemonic #121 .

    Join us for more Mnemonics:
    ► USMLE Step 1 mnemonics:
    ► USMLE Step 2CK mnemonics:
    ► USMLE Step 2 CS mnemonics:
    ► USMLE Step 3 mnemonics:

  • ACID BASE 3: Anion Gap and Delta-Delta

    10:44

    Dr. G explains how to calculate an anion gap and then interpret how that relates to changes in bicarb via the delta-delta.

  • Anion gap and Metabolic acidosis

    16:12

    Concept of ANION GAP and types of Metabolic Acidosis....

  • Acid-Base disorders: Anion Gap | Saline responsive vs Saline resistant | MCQs | USMLE

    8:45

    Hey!
    In this video, I we're gonna talk about
    - Anion gap vs Non-Anion gap Metabolic acidosis
    - Saline responsive vs Saline resistant Metabolic alkalosis

    We'll learn all of this by solving questions
    The questions are in an increasing order of difficulty :)

    Apart from MCQs, we're also going to solve 2 cases!
    You are going to tell me the diagnosis ????

    If you haven't learnt this before, I've got you covered :D Follow the explanations and soon you'll have all this at your fingertips :)

    Time stamp:
    Introduction 0:00-0:38
    What's different in this video: 0:39-0:54
    Acid-base change in Cyanide toxicity + Mechanism: 0:55-1:50
    Anion Gap: 1:51-3:02
    Parathyroid hormone levels and acidosis: 3:03-3:50
    Saline responsive vs Saline resistant metabolic alkalosis: 3:51- 5:04

    Step-wise guide to solving acid-base disorder cases
    Case 1: 5:05-6:47
    Case 2: 6:48-:09
    Summary: 8:10-8:29
    What to watch next: 8:30-8:44
    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    ????‍⚕️ I'm a final year medical student, your study partner (:

    ????‍???? I make videos to guide medical students preparing for exams like the USMLE and share my med journey here on my Youtube channel

    ????‍♀️Get in touch
    Instagram: chandran_ish
    Email: ishwarichandran@gmail.com

    ????Business enquiries: ishwarichandran@gmail.com

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