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The Sea Peoples & The Late Bronze Age Collapse // Ancient History Documentary (1200-1150 BC)

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  • The Sea Peoples & The Late Bronze Age Collapse // Ancient History Documentary

    2:29:02

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    14:20 ONE - END OF AN AGE
    29:57 TWO - BLACK SHIPS
    35:16 THREE - LOOKING WEST
    42:59 FOUR - THE SHERDEN
    1:03:25 FIVE - THE SHEKELESH
    1:14:05 SIX - THE LUKKA
    1:24:56 SEVEN - THE CARCISA
    1:29:08 EIGHT - THE EKWESH
    1:50:25 NINE - THE TERESH
    1:55:55 TEN - THE PELESET
    2:08:42 ELEVEN - THE TJEKKER
    2:12:00 TWELVE - THE DANUNA
    2:16:00 THIRTEEN - THE WESHESH

    - All videos written, researched, narrated and produced by Pete Kelly. Follow me on Instagram for travel stories & history content:-


    Massive thanks to the legend Joss Edwards for composing a truly epic song for this video. Check out his stuff here:-


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    Special thanks to the following museums:-
    - The British Museum
    - National Archaeological Museum of Athens
    - National Archaeological Museum of Cagliari

    Some of the sources used in this production:-
    - N.K. Sandars - The Sea Peoples
    - Robert Drews- The End of the Bronze Age
    - Jeffrey P. Emmanuel - Black Ships & Sea Raiders
    - Eric H. Cline - 1177: The Year Civilisation Collapsed
    - Trevor R. Bryce - The Kingdom of the Hittites
    - Trevor R. Bryce - Letters of the Great Kings
    - Eric H. Cline et al - The Ahhiyawa Texts
    - John Chadwick - The Mycenaean World
    - Jacquetta Hawks - Dawn of the Gods
    - Eric H. Cline et al - The Oxford Handbook of the Bronze Age Aegean
    - Harry Fokkens et al - The Oxford Handbook of the European Bronze Age
    & many more

    — Music courtesy of:-
    - Epidemic Sound
    - Joss Edwards Music:-

    Kevin MacLeod

    I've compiled a reading list of my favourite history books via the Amazon influencer program. If you do choose to purchase any of these incredible sources of information then Amazon will send me a tiny fraction of the earnings (as long as you do it through the link) (this means more and better content in the future) I'll keep adding to and updating the list as time goes on:-


    I try to use copyright free images at all times. However if I have used any of your artwork or maps then please don't hesitate to contact me and I’ll be more than happy to give the appropriate credit.

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  • Who were the Sea People? Bronze Age Collapse

    10:06

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  • The Bronze Age Collapse

    23:52

    Just casually thinkin bout the end of the world. No, no reason, why?

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    Sources:
    The Medinet Habu Inscription |
    David O'Connor & Stephen Quirke, Mysterious Lands |
    ---
    Eric H. Cline, 1177 B.C.: The Year Civilization Collapsed |
    Robert Drews, The End of the Bronze Age: Changes in Warfare and the Catastrophe ca. 1200 B.C. |
    Paul Kriwaczek, Babylon: Mesopotamia and the Birth of Civilization |
    Oliver Dickinson, The Aegean From Bronze Age to Iron Age: Continuity and Change Between the Twelfth and Eighth Centuries B.C. |

    Music:
    Mell's Parade, by Broke For Free
    Sad Cyclops, by Podington Bear
    Infados, by Kevin MacLeod
    Heliograph, by Chris Zabriskie
    Deluge, by Cellophane Sam

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  • The Sea Peoples in the Bible | Bronze Age Collapse | Ancient Canaan

    36:09

    In this episode Seth Fleishman from the World History by a Jew YouTube channel takes us into an interesting story that depicts the Sea Peoples in the Old Testament in a mythical story involving a Jewish woman and Judge Deborah.

    It's in memory of Ruth Bader Ginsburg (RBG) a''h, as we explore an amazing Jewish woman and judge: Deborah. By reviewing her story, we will solve an ancient mystery regarding the settlement of Sea Peoples in northern Israel after the Bronze Age Collapse. We'll be focusing on two groups of Sea People specifically: the Shardana (Sherden) and the Tjeker (Tjekker). With the help of Deborah in the Book of Judges, we will learn about her foes, and then we'll utilize the latest archaeological discoveries to identify these people and their origins.

    For those who may not be familiar with the Sea Peoples they are / were a purported seafaring confederation that attacked ancient Egypt and other regions of the East Mediterranean prior to and during the Late Bronze Age collapse (1200–900 BCE).

    Following the creation of the concept in the nineteenth century, with famous historian Gaston Maspero being one of the first to use the term, it became one of the most famous chapters of Egyptian history, given its connection with, in the words of Wilhelm Max Müller: the most important questions of ethnography and the primitive history of classic nations.

    Their origins undocumented and highly disputed today, the various Sea Peoples have been proposed to have originated from places that include western Asia Minor, the Aegean, the Mediterranean islands and Southern Europe.

    Although the archaeological inscriptions do not include reference to a migration, the Sea Peoples are conjectured to have sailed around the eastern Mediterranean and invaded Anatolia, Syria, Phoenicia, Canaan, Cyprus and Egypt toward the end of the Bronze Age. And in many cases they settled throughout the lands that they raided.

    Summary taken from Wikipedia with details added for clarity.

    Check out the YouTube Channel World History by a Jew at this link:


    Email: HistoryByJew@gmail.com

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  • Sea Peoples: The 1200 BC System Collapse

    17:31

    In the 12th century B.C., after centuries of brilliance, the civilized and globalized world of the Bronze Age came to an abrupt and cataclysmic end. Kingdoms fell like dominoes over the course of just a few decades. No more Minoans or Mycenaeans. No more Trojans, Hittites, or Babylonians. The thriving economies and cultures of the late second millennium B.C., which had stretched from Greece to Egypt and Mesopotamia, suddenly ceased to exist, along with writing systems, technology, and monumental architecture. Could it happen again?

    Professor Donald Kagan, Yale Courses
    Eric Cline, PhD, author of 1177 BC: The Year Civilization Collapsed
    Secrets Of The Aegean Apocalypse - History Documentary

    China, Egypt and Orion

    Originally uploaded in 2017 but re-edited in 2020 due to copyright issues

  • What Happened After The Bronze Age Collapse?

    14:41

    What Happened After The Bronze Age Collapse?
    This video covers the period of time from the bronze age collapse through the Near Eastern dark age and to the first Iron Age empire.

    This video is sponsored by my Patrons over on Patreon

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  • Top 10 Fascinating Theories Regarding The Ancient Sea Peoples

    15:42

    Between 1276 and 1178 BC, a confederation of pirates known collectively as the Sea Peoples terrorized the coastal cities and civilizations of the eastern Mediterranean. For the most part, these pirates, who were the Bronze Age precursors to the Vikings of Scandinavia, preyed upon Egypt, which at that time was in its New Kingdom period.

    What followed was a series of destructive raids that culminated in two major battles—the Battle of Djahy and the Battle of the Delta. The former, a land battle, was won by the army of Pharaoh Ramses III. The latter, a naval battle, not only repulsed one of the last major invasions by the Sea Peoples but may very well have saved ancient Egyptian civilization.

    Despite their important role in history and the widely held notion that they were responsible for the Late Bronze Age Collapse, a near-catastrophic decline in civilization throughout the Aegean and eastern Mediterranean, the Sea Peoples remain the subject of controversy.

    Although there are many areas of consensus, some historians and archaeologists continue to discover new interpretations. The following 10 theories present a spectrum of the many different theories regarding the Sea Peoples.

    Thank you for watching!

  • Did the Sea Peoples Sack Troy? Dr. Eric Cline | 1177BC | Bronze Age Collapse

    6:19

    In this episode the well renowned scholar and archaeologist Dr. Eric Cline (author of 1177BC) discusses his views on whether or not the Sea Peoples of the Late Bronze Age Collapse sacked Troy?

    Basic overviews for beginners:

    Trojan War Definition: a ten-year war waged by the confederated Greeks under Agamemnon against the Trojans to avenge the abduction of Helen, wife of Menelaus, by Paris, son of the Trojan king Priam, and ending in the plundering and burning of Troy.

    The Late Bronze Age Collapse: This was a transition period in the Near East, Anatolia, the Aegean region, North Africa, the Caucasus, the Balkans and the Eastern Mediterranean from the Late Bronze Age to the Early Iron Age, a transition which historians believe was violent, sudden, and culturally disruptive.

    The Sea Peoples: A purported seafaring confederation that attacked ancient Egypt and other regions of the East Mediterranean prior to and during the Late Bronze Age collapse (1200–900 BCE).

    Support Dr. Eric Cline at the links below!

    Personal web page:

    Get all of his books here at his Amazon Author page:


    GW pages:






    Check out his lectures on the Great Courses! They are superb.


    Audio Book Formats of his work on audible.


    Dr. Cline on the Modern Scholar:

    History of Ancient Greece


    Archaeology and the Iliad: The Trojan War in Homer and History


    The History of Ancient Israel: From the Patriarchs Through the Romans



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    Image credits: Manna Nader, Gabana Studios Cairo

    Hittite 3D City and intro footage credits: 3D reconstruction of Imperial Hittite Karkemish by Giampaolo Luglio, Turco-Italian Archaeological Expedition to Karkemish directed by Nicolò Marchetti (University of Boologna)

    KARKEMISH (Carchemish) 1300 BC (3D) -The Southern Capital of the Empire Hittite



    Music Attribution: Herknungr - Megaliths | Dark Neolithic Meditive Shamanic Ambient Music

    Trojan Horse Art :

  • How Did the Bronze Age Collapse Happen?

    7:30

    The Eastern Mediterranean of the Late Bronze Age was one of the most active regions in ancient history, with numerous great civilizations all interacting and trading with one-another for centuries, yet within a 50-year period it all suddenly came crashing down. So, what happened?

    MUSIC:
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    Over the Dunes by Jon Sumner
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  • The Bronze Age Collapse in the Bible

    30:34

    In this episode Seth Fleishman from the YouTube Channel World History By A Jew, takes us into a subject I have really looked forward to and that is the Bronze Age Collapse in the Bible.

    In this lecture he explores the Old Testament and shows us the Bronze Age Collapse throughout the Hebrew Bible, while also exploring the world outside of it as well such as explaining what was happening in Egypt, Greece, Anatolia and Canaan, while also discussing many of the sites that were destroyed by the Sea Peoples themselves.

    But, we also see those of the Sea Peoples who arrive to ancient Canaan and who also decide to stay such as the Philistines. But also he discusses a controversial subject and that is, is one of the Israelite Tribes a part of the Sea Peoples groups?



    Check out the YouTube Channel World History by a Jew at this link:


    Email: HistoryByJew@gmail.com

    What are your thoughts on this episode and the awesome Seth Fleishman?

    Support him and his work by checking out the links above in the video description! Check out the links below to support this channel!

    Check out our new store!

    Get your Sea Peoples | Late Bronze Age Merch below!

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  • The Nordic Bronze Age / Ancient History Documentary

    36:24

    - Watch my latest full length history documentary here:-


    This video is part of a mass Bronze Age collaboration between 11 history YouTubers. Check out the other videos in the playlist here:-


    Watch Knowledgia’s video on Anatolia’s Bronze Age:-


    Watch Stefan Milo’s video about Egypt’s Great Pyramid:-


    Watch my latest tour of the Viking World:-


    Some of the sources for this video:-
    Europe Between the Oceans - Barry Cunliffe
    The Horse, The Wheel, and Language - David W. Anthony
    Ancestral Journeys - Jean Manco
    The Mound People - P. V. Glob
    Bronze Age Warfare - Richard Osgood & Sarah Monks

    Don’t forget to subscribe to our second channel dedicated to Primary Sources from history:-


    History Time is now a podcast. You can find us on iTunes.

    Music:-

    Epidemic Sound

    Video:-

    Videoblocks

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    I've compiled a reading list of my favourite history books via the Amazon influencer program. If you do choose to purchase any of these incredible sources of information then Amazon will send me a tiny fraction of the earnings (as long as you do it through the link) (this means more and better content in the future) I'll keep adding to and updating the list as time goes on:-


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  • Egypt and the Bronze Age Collapse

    54:29

    In this episode we dive into the Bronze Age collapse from the Egyptian perception. We start off by briefly giving a summary of the Bronze Age collapse for those who may not be familiar with the subject.

    We will explore three invasions of the Sea Peoples and the Pharaohs who reigned during these periods. We will also discuss the different groups of the Sea Peoples who invaded and the battles that took place.

    Though ancient Egypt was one of the few empires to survive the collapse, it never recovered its former height. What impacts did the collapse have on Egypt? Don't worry, we have you covered!

    My sword is great and mighty like that of Montu. No land can stand fast before my arms. I am a king rejoicing in slaughter. My reign is calmed in peace. With this claim, Ramses III implicated that his reign is safe in the wake of fallout from the Bronze Age.

    This episode is going to lead to the next upcoming episode which will be the Bronze Age Collapse in the Bible.

    Check out the YouTube Channel World History by a Jew at this link:


    Email: HistoryByJew@gmail.com

    What are your thoughts on this episode and the awesome Seth Fleishman?

    Support him and his work by checking out the links above in the video description! Check out the links below to support this channel!

    Check out our new store!

    Get your Sea Peoples | Late Bronze Age Merch below!

    Mugs:

    Hoodies | Shirts | Tank Tops:



    Get your Hittite Merch below!

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  • World History by a Jew ™ - Sea People in Anatolia: Karatepe & Luwian Reliefs- Z15B by Seth Fleishman

    23:52

    Topic: Sea People in Anatolia: Karatepe & Luwian Inscriptions - Z15B by Seth Fleishman

    Synopsis: This lecture is the ninth part of our Bronze Age Collapse series and second part of Samson Mysteries mini-series. While information abounds on Sea Peoples invading and settling Canaan and Egypt, hardly anyone talks about their impact on Anatolia (modern Turkey). We'll explore Luwian, Hittite, and Assyrian archaeological discoveries that indicate a permanent settlement of peoples from the Greek world into southeastern Anatolia (Cilicia), most specifically the Denyen described by Egyptian records. This brings us one step closer to finding indications of biblical Samson in the archaeological record.

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  • The Mycenaean decline and the Bronze Age Collapse

    6:28

    Hello dear friends, I make videos of Ancient and Medieval History, this video is the fourth chronological video of the playlist series about the history of Ancient Greece.
    If you like the content, please like and subscribe.

    You can follow me on:
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    Music: Athena - Fiechter Brothers
    Babylon - Fiechter Brothers

    #History #Documentary

  • 8. The Sumerians - Fall of the First Cities

    2:27:49

    WATCH AD-FREE:


    In the dusts of Iraq, the ruins of the world's first civilization lie buried.

    This episode, we travel into the extremely distant past to look at the Sumerians. These ancient people invented writing and mathematics, and built some of the largest cities that the world had ever seen. Find out about the mystery of their origins, and learn how they rose from humble beginnings to form the foundation of all our modern societies. With myths, proverbs and even some recreated Sumerian music, travel back to where it all began, and find out how humanity's first civilization fell.

    SOURCES:

    Credits:

    Sound engineering by Thomas Ntinas

    Voice Actors:

    Jake Barrett-Mills
    Rhy Brignell
    Shem Jacobs
    Nick Bradley
    Emily Johnson

    Music by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) Artist: incompetech.com/

    Title theme: Home At Last by John Bartmann.

  • The Real Origins of the Philistines and Palestinians

    1:19

    In this video Seth from the World History by a Jew YouTube Channel, takes us into the Bronze Age Collapse, the origin of Philistinians and Palestinians.

    From archaeology, written history, DNA studies and etymologies he gives a broad and in-depth overview of the origin of Palestinians and the Philistines while dispelling many myths and misconceptions about these two subjects.


    Check out the YouTube Channel World History by a Jew at this link:


    Email: HistoryByJew@gmail.com

    What are your thoughts on this episode and the awesome Seth Fleishman?

    Support him and his work by checking out the links above in the video description! Check out the links below to support this channel!

    Check out our new store!

    Get your Sea Peoples | Late Bronze Age Merch below!

    Mugs:

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  • Piracy and the Bronze Age Collapse | Dr. Louise Hitchcock | Dr. Aren Maeir

    1:27:10

    In this episode titled Piracy in the Bronze Age Collapse we are joined by none other than Dr. Louise Hitchcock and Dr. Aren Maeir!

    Together they guide us into an obscure but important aspect of not just the Late Bronze Age but of the Bronze Age Collapse itself and that is the subject of piracy.

    Are the Sea Peoples merely pirates or is it more complicated?

    What does archaeology tell us about piracy in the Late Bronze Age?

    Were there pirate kings and pirate kingdoms?

    Do we have primary sources on piracy in the Late Bronze Age? Can the Iliad and the Odyssey be taken as a historical source and do these works reflect Bronze Age piracy?

    Why were the Sea Peoples easily defeated in open battle?

    These are just a few of the subjects that we attack in this fun episode on the Sea Peoples, Piracy and the Bronze Age Collapse.



    Celebrate the birthplace of civilization and get our Sumerian Shirt | Hoodie | Coffee Mug today!

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    Check out the awesome work of Dr. Hitchcock at these links below!

    Academia profile where you can access her work that is free to the public.

    Get her books here!

    Aegean Art and Architecture:


    Minoan Architecture: A Contextual Analysis:


    Theory for Classics:


    DAIS: The Aegean Feast

    Follow her on Twitter :

    Support Dr. Maeir and his work at these links!

    Academia :

    YouTube Channel :

    The Tell es-Safi/Gath Archaeological Project Official (and Unofficial) Weblog :

    Attribution for footage goes to the Total War Franchise, the Rome II Total War Team and the Age of Bronze Mod Team.



  • Battle of the Delta - Egypt vs The Mysterious Sea Peoples

    5:16

    Two thousand years before the Vikings set sail, a group of maritime warrior ruled the seas. These seafarers invaded cities from Anatolia to Egypt during the centuries between 1200 – 20 BC, and were responsible for the destruction of the Hittite Empire, among others.



    Despite the havoc wreaked by the Sea Peoples, there is precious little known about them.



    Most of what we know about the Sea Peoples comes from Egyptian records. An inscription by Ramses II at around 1200 BC reads: “They came boldly sailing in their warships from the midst of the sea, and none could withstand them.”



    Read more:


    --------

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    Music: Loyalty Freak Music - Coexistenz


    Image Credits:

    Vikings - pixabay.com
    Prosperity - pixabay.comd
    Hittite empire - belloflostsouls.net
    Egyptians vs the sea people - Thomas Sweeney
    The Sherden - Wikimedia commons
    Troy - Universal History Archive
    Sea people in boats - masculineepic.com
    Hittite King - Wikimedia Commons
    King Tomb - Wikimedia Commons
    Battle of Djahy - Tripsinegypt.com
    Hattusa, Hittite city - Wikimedia commons
    Bronze Age - Ancient Origins
    Sea People invade Syria - Adobe Stock
    Sea people art - twcenter.net
    Sea Trade - Ancient pages
    Bronze in Bronze age - Study English 101
    Iron age - history .com
    Egyptian warriors - Joseph Andrewartha
    Egyptian Chariot - Coursetalk.
    Egypt defeats sea peoples - twcenter.et
    Sea peoples Warriors - Novel rocket
    Battle of Djahy -
    invasion of the sea peoples -
    Battle of the Delta - learning history
    Fortified Mortuary Temple - Ed Trayes Photography
    tribes -
    Sea people Battle -
    Battle of Djahy -

    Battle of the Eelta - Cleopatra Egypt tours

  • World History by a Jew ™ - Bronze Age Collapse: A Jewish Introduction - Z08 by Seth Fleishman

    37:22

    Topic: After the Exodus: Bronze Age Collapse: A Jewish Introduction by Seth Fleishman

    Synopsis: This is the first lecture of the Bronze Age Collapse series. This lecture is an introduction to the Bronze Age Collapse from a Jewish perspective. This Collapse is one of the most studied events in antiquity. Civilization was at a high point circa 1300 BCE, but it all came crashing down just after 1200 BCE. Throughout the series, we will be using these lectures to answer a big question ... If the entire eastern Mediterranean went up in flames, why is nothing recorded about it in the Bible? However, maybe there's a great deal beneath the surface. Not only is the Bronze Age Collapse important for analyzing the historicity of the Bible, but this event is fundamental to the very existence of the first Jewish state!

    To get the most out of this lecture, you should first watch The Exodus Lecture. See it here:

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  • World History by a Jew ™ - Sea People Island: Assyria, Egypt, Rome, & Jews - Z15C by Seth Fleishman

    38:26

    Topic: Sea People Island: Bringing Together Assyrians, Egyptians, Romans, Greeks, and Jews - Z15C by Seth Fleishman

    Synopsis: This lecture is the tenth part of our Bronze Age Collapse series and third part of our Samson Mysteries mini-series. The latest archaeological research indicates that the Sea Peoples, known as the Denyen / Danunim, had their own island! After our research into the discoveries in Adana / Cilicia in Anatolia (ancient Turkey), it's time to set sail to explore an island that tells a story bringing together Assyrians, Egyptians, Romans, Greeks, and Jews. And for those who like the latest research ... This is a lecture that wouldn't be possible a mere five years ago!

    Do you like what you see? You can help! Please like the video, share with friends, and subscribe to the channel!


    For those of you wanting to support my efforts, there is no greater compliment than making a donation here:

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  • World History by a Jew ™ - Sea Peoples of Canaan: Genesis & Beyond - Z12 by Seth Fleishman

    24:29

    Topic: Bronze Age Collapse - Part 5: Sea Peoples of Canaan: Philistines in Genesis & Beyond - Z12 by Seth Fleishman

    Synopsis: This lecture is the fifth part of our Bronze Age Collapse series. We are exploring the people of Canaan after the Bronze Age Collapse. How do we know the Bible uses Philistines for all Sea Peoples? Where else (outside of Philistia) did the Sea People settle in Israel? What can archaeology tell us about the Israelite conquest and our biblical enemies? If the Philistines arrived after the Collapse, how does Abraham meet them? There are many questions, so let's see if we can find the answers.

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  • The Bronze Age Collapse and Today: Parallels With the Past | Dr. Hitchcock

    43:52

    In this video we dive into the Late Bronze Age Collapse exploring what happened, who was involved from the Hittite and Egyptian Empires to the confederations of the Sea Peoples. Dr. Hitchcock guides us through this defining period of human history exploring ancient international trade, ancient globalism and the collapse and devastation of the Bronze Age and how its collapse created and lead to something better. Briefly we also discuss the Bronze Age Collapse in a modern context as I ask her what can we in our modern society and nations can learn from the Bronze Age Collapse?

    Check out the awesome work of Dr. Hitchcock at these links below!

    Academia profile where you can access her work that is free to the public.

    Get her books here!

    Aegean Art and Architecture:


    Minoan Architecture: A Contextual Analysis:


    Theory for Classics:


    DAIS: The Aegean Feast


    Tell It In Gath: Studies in the History and Archaeology of Israel. Essays in Honor of Aren M. Maeir on the Occasion of his Sixtieth Birthday



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    Attribution Song : Sands of Mystery Trey VanZandt (YouTube.com/c/treyvanzandt)
    Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 License

    Image credits: Manna Nader, Gabana Studios Cairo

  • World History by a Jew ™ - Bronze Age Collapse in the Bible - Z10 by Seth Fleishman

    22:44

    Topic: Bronze Age Collapse - Part 3: Bronze Age Collapse in the Bible! by Seth Fleishman

    Synopsis: This lecture is the third part of our Bronze Age Collapse series. Was the Collapse reflected in the Bible? Absolutely. In fact, it's critical to dating Exodus and examining the historicity of the biblical tradition. It's very easy to look at different pharaohs and different times in Egypt and then think this could be Exodus or that could be early Jews. The missing piece is Canaan. You have to look at both sides of the Sinai Peninsula. What was going on in the land of Canaan that would allow for a migration of new people with a new religion? That's what Paul Harvey would call the rest of the story, which we will be examining in this lecture.

    To get the most out of this lecture, you should first watch the Bronze Age Collapse Intro. See it here:

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  • History of Spain - Documentary

    1:10:43

    In this video, we explore the amazing history of Spain.

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    Music performed by Kevin Macleod Available under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license.
    Download available at incompetech.com

    The Pyre
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    Picture Sources

    By Luis García, CC BY-SA 3.0,
    By JohnnyOneSpeed - I took the photograph, CC BY-SA 3.0,
    By Iñaki LL - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0,
    By CGRM (talk) - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0,
    By No machine-readable author provided. Davidphase assumed (based on copyright claims). - No machine-readable source provided. Own work assumed (based on copyright claims)., CC BY-SA 2.5,
    By Manuel González Olaechea y Franco - Edited version of Image:AcueductoSegovia04.JPG. Original file uploaded by author., CC BY-SA 3.0,
    By Borjaanimal - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0 es,
    By Luis García, CC BY-SA 3.0,
    By Vertounoir - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0,
    By Uhooep - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0,
    By D.Rovchak - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0,
    By Francisco M. Marzoa Alonso - self made by User:Francisco M. Marzoa, CC BY-SA 2.5,
    By No machine-readable author provided. Balasturias assumed (based on copyright claims). - No machine-readable source provided. Own work assumed (based on copyright claims)., CC BY-SA 3.0,
    By Herbythyme - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0,
    By No machine-readable author provided. Individua~commonswiki assumed (based on copyright claims). - No machine-readable source provided. Own work assumed (based on copyright claims)., CC BY-SA 3.0,
    By I, Luca Galuzzi, CC BY-SA 2.5,
    By Al hilali al sulaymi - photo, CC BY-SA 3.0,
    By NoelWalley at the English language Wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0,
    By David Perez - Own work, CC BY 3.0,
    By Mlopezsilva - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0,
    By FDV - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0,
    By user:falconaumanni - Creación Propia, CC BY-SA 4.0,
    By Redtony - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0,
    By Rosa Cabecinhas & Alcino Cunha (Rosino) - Flickr, CC BY-SA 2.0,
    By Mario modesto - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0,
    curid=5529417
    By Basotxerri - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0,
    By Fraguando - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0,
    By photographer: ElCaminodeSantiago09 2006 - CC BY-SA 2.0,
    By Jebulon - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0,
    By Tribiwiki - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0,
    By DAVID MATA VERDEJO - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0,
    By Antonio Morales García from Granada, España - Huellas, CC BY-SA 2.0,
    By Jo Dusepo - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0,


    Partial map sources:



  • World History by a Jew ™ - Egypt vs Sea Peoples: The Philistines are Here - Z09 by Seth Fleishman

    47:00

    Topic: Bronze Age Collapse - Part 2: Egypt vs Sea Peoples: The Philistines are Here! by Seth Fleishman

    Synopsis: This is the second lecture of our Bronze Age Collapse series. The Collapse made a lasting impact on the eastern Mediterranean. Most interesting from the Jewish perspective are the permanent changes in the land of Canaan, as reflected in the Bible. In this lecture, we will explore the Sea Peoples through the eyes of the Egyptians. We discuss each pharaoh who faced the Sea Peoples with a particular emphasis on Ramesses III and his defense of Egypt. We also introduce the Philistines, who will be the focus of our next couple lectures.

    To get the most out of this lecture, you should first watch the Bronze Age Collapse Intro. See it here:

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  • Units of History - Mycenaean Chariots of the Trojan War DOCUMENTARY

    15:19

    History documentary on the Mycenaean Chariots of the Trojan War! Get Total War Saga: Troy for free on the Epic store if you claim it in the first 24 hours of launch on August 13th

    This history documentary takes our Units of History series to the Bronze Age to cover the Mycenaean Chariots of the Trojan War! We begin the episode by looking at the history of chariots starting with the very domestication of the horse. This led to the development of early horse drawn wagons which were turned into battle carts by the Sumerians. By the early Bronze Age, most of the major kingdoms of the near east had incorporates war chariots into their army. The Egyptian Kingdom deployed chariots with 2 man crews of a driver and an archer while the Hittite Kingdom deployed chariots with 3 men crews of a driver, a shield bearer, and a spearman. These war chariots of the bronze age would clash famously at the Battle of Kadesh.

    We then talk about how the chariot made its way to ancient Greece and the Mycenaean kingdoms of the Bronze Age. Here it went through several stages of development which includes the box chariot, the quadrant chariot, the dueling chariot, and finally the rail chariot. We take a look at the sort of equipment and crew associated with each of these and ancient bronze age warfare. Next we talk about bronze age battlefield tactics derived from historical depictions and works by homer like the Illiad which describes the events of the Trojan War. Finally we cover the service history of the Mycenaean chariot and its eventual decline following the bronze age collapse.

    Note: This video was sponsored by A Total War Saga: Troy

    Credits:
    Research: Josho Brouwers
    Translations: Richmond Lattimore
    Writing: Josho Brouwers
    Narration: Guy Michaels
    Artwork & Production: Penta Limited

    Thanks to:
    Arianna Sacco, Matthew Lloyd, Joshua Hall, and our Patrons

    Suggested reading
    Trevor Bryce, Hittite Warrior (2007).
    Joost Crouwel, Chariots and Other Means of Land Transport in Bronze Age Greece (1981).
    Nic Fields, Bronze Age War Chariots (2006).
    Cheryl Diane Fortenberry, Elements of Mycenaean Warfare (unpublished PhD thesis, Cincinnati; 1990).
    Nicolas Grguric, The Mycenaeans, c. 1650–1100 BC (2005).

    #History
    #Documentary
    #TrojanWar

  • The Entire History of Roman Britain // Ancient Rome Documentary

    1:38:05

    Get MagellanTV here: & get an exclusive offer extended to our viewers: an extra month FREE. MagellanTV is a new kind of streaming service run by filmmakers with 3,000+ documentaries! Check out our personal recommendation and MagellanTV’s exclusive playlists:

    4:19 - PART 1 - BEFORE ROME
    11:07 - PART 2 - FIRST CONTACT
    20:08- PART 3 - CONQUEST
    33:37 - PART 4 - THE WAR FOR BRITAIN
    40:30 - PART 5 - THE PUSH NORTH
    53:40 - PART 6 - PAX ROMANA
    1:07:07 - PART 7 - THE DECLINE OF BRITAIN
    1:25:38 - PART 8 - EMPIRE’S END

    This video was researched & developed by Eric TenWolde. Check out his Instagram page for more epic Rome content:-


    The script was edited and adapted by Pete Kelly. Follow me on Instagram for travel stories & history content:-


    Secondary Sources:-
    - Salway, Peter, “A History of Roman Britain”, Oxford University Press, 1993
    - Wacher, John, “The Coming of Rome”, Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1979
    - de la Bedoyere, Guy, “Roman Britain: A New History”, Thames & Hudson, 2003
    - Wilcox, Peter, “Men-at-Arms 158: Rome Enemies (2) Gallic and British Celts”, Osprey Publishing, 1985
    - Cunliffe, Barry, “The Ancient Celts: Second Edition”, Oxford University Press, 2018
    - Elliott, Simon, “Septimius Severus In Scotland: The Northern Campaigns of the First Hammer of the Scots”, Greenhill Books, 2018
    - Fields, Nic, “Campaign 233: Boudicca’s Rebellion AD 60-61”, Osprey Publishing, 2011
    - Campbell, Duncan B, “Campaign 244: Mons Graupius AD 83”, Osprey Publishing, 2010
    - Goldsworthy, Adrian, “Hadrian’s Wall: Rome and the Limits of Empire”, Head of Zeus, 2018
    - Fields, Nic, “Fortress 2: Hadrian’s Wall AD 122-410”, Osprey Publishing, 2003
    - Fields, Nic, “Fortress 56: Rome’s Saxon Shore”, Osprey Publishing, 2006
    - Fields, Nic, “Fortress 31: Rome’s Northern Frontier AD 70 – 235”, Osprey Publishing, 2005
    - D’Amato, Raffaele, “New Vanguard 230: Imperial Roman Warships 27 BC – 193 AD”, Osprey Publishing, 2016
    - Fields, Nic, “Battle Orders 37: The Roman Army of the Principate 27 BC – AD 117”, Osprey Publishing, 2009
    - Breeze, David J, “The Frontiers of Imperial Rome”, Pen & Sword Books, 2011
    - Goldsworthy, Adrian, In The Name Of Rome: The Men Who Won The Roman Empire, Phoenix, 2004
    - Goldsworthy, Adrian, Caesar: The Life of a Colossus, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 2006
    - Goldsworthy, Adrian, “Pax Romana: War, Peace and Conquest in the Roman World”, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 2016
    - Kulikowski, Michael, Imperial Triumph: The Roman World from Hadrian to Constantine AD 138 - 363, Profile Books, 2016
    - Potter, David, “The Origin Of Empire: Rome from the Republic to Hadrian 264 BC – 138 AD”, Profile Books, 2019
    - Wallace-Hadrill, J.M., “The Barbarian West 400-1000”, Blackwell Publishers, 1985
    - Rodgers Nigel, “Roman Empire”, Metro Books, 2014

    Primary Sources:-

    Caesar, Tacitus, Suetonius, Cassius Dio, Ammianus Marcellinus, Zosimus, Gildas

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    Special thanks to the following museums:-

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    - Chesters Roman Fort & Museum
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    I've compiled a reading list of my favourite history books via the Amazon influencer program. If you do choose to purchase any of these incredible sources of information then Amazon will send me a tiny fraction of the earnings (as long as you do it through the link) (this means more and better content in the future) I'll keep adding to and updating the list as time goes on:-


    I try to use copyright free images at all times. However if I have used any of your artwork or maps then please don't hesitate to contact me and I’ll be more than happy to give the appropriate credit.

  • Did Moses Exist? | Applying the Historical Method

    22:45

    The other two videos in #ProjectHistoricity are:

    Did Jesus Exist?


    Did Muhammad Exist?


    CREDITS
    ================

    Narration: Matt Baker


    Audio Editing: Jack Rackam


    Voice of Sargon of Akkad: Hikma History


    Intro Animation: Syawish Rehman


    Intro music: Lord of the Land by Kevin MacLeod
    Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0.

  • The Birth of Civilisation - The First Farmers

    58:06

    In the first of a three part series, we cover the earliest origins of agriculture in settlements throughout the Near East, and the great monuments their peoples erected.

    Patreon.com/theHistocrat
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    Ettore also has a graphic novel which you can find here (note: currently only available in Italian)


    #History #StoneAge #GobekliTepe

    “Arid Foothills” “Ave Marimba” “Night Cave” “Infados” “Night Dreams” Silver Flame Accralate The Pyre and “Ritual” by Kevin MacLeod are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (
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  • 2. The Bronze Age Collapse - Mediterranean Apocalypse

    1:4:46

    WATCH WITH VIDEO:

    Sometime around the year 1100 BC, right at the end of the Bronze Age, a wave of destruction washed over the Eastern Mediterranean. It wiped whole civilizations off the map, and left only ash and ruin in its wake.

    This catastrophe, known as “the Late Bronze Age Collapse”, has become one of the enduring puzzles of archaeology. I want to explore how so many societies could collapse all at once, and seemingly without warning, as well as examine the lessons it might teach us in our increasingly globalised and interconnected world.

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    Additional music (The Hurrian Hymn) by Michael Levy

    Title theme: Home At Last by John Bartmann.

  • What if the Bronze Age Collapse Never Happened?

    14:53

    Create your own 'What If' meme:

    Civilization may feel like its ending. But there was a time where it really actually did. A time before the Romans, Greeks or Parthians that was forgotten until modern archeology. The Bronze Age. So what if the Bronze Age collapse never actually happened and the societies from it continued onward? Here is one scenario.

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  • The Birth of Civilisation - Cult of the Skull

    52:16

    In the second episode of our three part series, we examine the agricultural developments of the 9th millennium BC, and how they led to the rise and fall of the mega sites of the later Pre-Pottery Neolithic.

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    Ettore also has a graphic novel which you can find here (note: currently only available in Italian)


    #History #StoneAge #GobekliTepe #Catalhoyuk

    “Rite of Passage” “Kumasi Groove” “Birch Run” and “Eastern Thought” by Kevin MacLeod are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (
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  • Origin of the Egyptians and Predynastic Egypt

    33:22

    In this episode by the History of the World Podcast we are taken back long before the pyramids and before the thought of Egyptianness itself into the heart of the Neolithic in ancient Africa and what would become the Egypt that dominates the hearts of history lovers around the world.

    Starting in the Neolithic we explore population movements, archaeological findings and possibly the first race war in human history that occurred along the Nile possibly due to contact between lighter and darker peoples.

    But more importantly we explore the indigenous peoples living in North Africa, those coming in from the Levant, those moving North from Africa itself and how these worlds collide and finally we see the beginning of not just ancient Egypt itself but the origins of the Egyptians, the same Egyptians that would form one of the greatest civilizations on earth.

    From culture, pottery, society, religion and conflict Chris from the History of the World Podcast covers it all!

    I hope that you all enjoy this as much as I did.

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    Music: Sands of Mystery: Desert Music (Royalty Free)

    Trey Van Zandt

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  • 1177 B.C., the Year Civilization collapsed

    46:02

    Lecture by Eric H. Cline (The Georges Washington University), 1177 B.C., the Year Civilization collapsed.

    Workshop Too cold for this p(a)lace?
    Climate and environment in the late 2nd millennium B.C. Mediterranean
    27-28 October 2014
    Organised by the ARC 'A World in Crisis' and Aegis (UCLouvain-INCAL-CEMA)

  • The Sumerians - Ancient NEW History Documentary

    1:27:57

  • The History of the Elamites

    22:12

    Elam, located in the region of the modern-day provinces of Ilam and Khuzestan in Iran, was one of the most impressive civilizations of the ancient world. It was never a cohesive ethnic kingdom or polity but rather a federation of different tribes governed at various times by cities such as Susa, Anshan, and Shimashki until it was united during the Middle Elamite Period, briefly, as an empire.

    The name Elam was given to the region by others – the Akkadians and Sumerians of Mesopotamia – and is thought to be their version of what the Elamites called themselves – Haltami (or Haltamti) – meaning “those of the high country”. 'Elam', therefore, is usually translated to mean “highlands” or “high country” as it was comprised of settlements on the Iranian Plateau which stretched from the southern plains to the elevations of the Zagros Mountains.

    In this video we are guided through History to the Elamites and their world and we learn ten very important facts that we need to know to not only better understand the Elamites but to also understand ancient Mesopotamia.


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    Ten Ancient Elam Facts You Need to Know written by Joshua J. Mark and narrated by DW Draffin.

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    Bogumił Dec
    Iran - Susa - ziggurat Chogha Zanbil

    Persian_boy
    Iran Chogha Zanbil Ziggurat زيگورات چغازنبيل شوش استان خوزستان

    kristina gaboyan
    in 60°C visiting the ziqqurat Chogha Zanbil & The Palace of Susa

  • Is There A Sunken Civilisation In The Black Sea? | Dark Secrets Of The Black Sea | Timeline

    55:03

    The documentary Dark Secrets of the Black Sea journeys to the said region and explores recently-unearthed archaeological evidence of a technologically-advanced civilization that once lay there, now submerged beneath the Black Sea.

    ???? It's like Netflix for history... Sign up to History Hit, the world's best history documentary service, at a huge discount using the code 'TIMELINE' ---ᐳ

    You can find more from us on:





    Content licensed from Monarch to Little Dot Studios. Any queries, please contact owned-enquiries@littledotstudios.com

  • Ancient Egypts New Chronology by Egyptologist Dr. Rohl

    36:29

    New Chronology is an alternative chronology of the ancient Near East developed by English Egyptologist David Rohl and other researchers beginning with A Test of Time: The Bible - from Myth to History in 1995.

    It contradicts mainstream Egyptology by proposing a major revision of the established Egyptian chronology, in particular by re-dating Egyptian kings of the Nineteenth through Twenty-fifth Dynasties, bringing forward conventional dating by up to 350 years.

    David Rohl's published works A Test of Time (1995), Legend (1998), The Lost Testament (2002), and The Lords of Avaris (2007) set forth Rohl's theories for re-dating the major civilizations of the ancient world. A Test of Time proposes a down-dating (bringing closer to the present), by several centuries, of the New Kingdom of Egypt, thus needing a major revision of the conventional chronology of ancient Egypt.

    Rohl asserts that this would let scholars identify some of the major events in the Hebrew Bible with events in the archaeological record and identify some of the well-known biblical characters with historical figures who appear in contemporary ancient texts. Lowering the Egyptian dates also dramatically affects the dating of dependent chronologies, such as that currently used for the Greek Heroic Age of the Late Bronze Age, removing the Greek Dark Ages, and lowering the dates of the Trojan War to within two generations of a ninth-century-BC Homer and his most famous composition: the Iliad.

    The New Chronology, one of several proposed radical revisions of the conventional chronology, has not been accepted in academic Egyptology, where the conventional chronology or small variations of it remains standard.


    Support Dr. Rohl and his work at these links below!

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    EXODUS – MYTH OR HISTORY? HARDCOVER BOOK


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  • Ancient History of All Civilizations Recorded Accurately in the Kali Yuga Cycles

    40:59

    The age of our institutions is given in our sacred records as eight thousand years, ... There is at least one other ancient chronology which contains a precise date for ... Since the lengths of all the cycles deriving from the Kali-Yuga are fixed by the ... as far back as classical civilization was accustomed to trace its own history.

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  • The Battle of Bourgtheroulde 1124 AD

    10:53

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    Narrated by Dan Boud -

    Many thanks to my generous Patreon supporters: Admiralwaffles, Giancarlo Andujo, Aust, Victor Degliame, Mayonnaise, TraJon, Anders Gaztro Nyhammer, Admiral Hill, Benny McAllister, Vernon Swain-Nisbet, ShamPowWow, Douglas Shull, Paul Soullier, Razgriz Gundam, Faustas Aglinskas, Alexander Nikolas Gierczyk, ColinNRN, Coby Tang, Douglas Arndell, Charles Dooley, James Lovingood, Bodo Nuber, Yurnero, Kaidong Nie, Pete Yun, Paul Soullier, Jan L. Doskocil, Todd Loreman, Vincent Lam, Raymond Chiu, Alexandru Marton, Dane McAfee, Andrew Hord, Filip Dukat, Michael Barrett, Daniel Hulthen and Ken Ball!

  • How The Romans Would See Us Today

    42:57

    A time portal has just opened, from which 6 of Rome’s greatest leaders have stepped into our world. What would they think of us? How do our civilizations compare?

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    Music performed by Kevin Macleod Available under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license.
    Download available at incompetech.com

    The Pyre
    Majestic Hills
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    Brandenburg Concerto No. 4 in G, Movement I (Allegro), BWV 1049 [orig. by JS Bach]
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    These songs provided by the YouTube audio Library

    No. 3 Morning Folk Song – Esther Abrami
    Checkmate

    Picture Sources
    By Tataryn - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0,
    By Marcel Roblin - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0,
    By Diliff - Own work, CC BY-SA 2.5,
    By Schlurcher (talk) - Own work, CC BY 3.0,
    By Diliff - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0,
    By Arnold Jaeger Werner - CC BY 2.0,
    By Yann Caradec from Paris, France - La Tour Eiffel vue de la Tour Saint-Jacques, CC BY-SA 2.0,
    By Aeroplanepics0112 - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0,
    By Quintin Soloviev - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0,
    By Flickr_-_Israel_Defense_Forces_-_188th_Brigade_Training_Day,_March_2008.jpg: Israel Defense Forces from Israelderivative work: MathKnight • talk - Flickr_-_Israel_Defense_Forces_-_188th_Brigade_Training_Day,_March_2008.jpg, CC BY 2.0,
    By Nick carson at en.wikipedia, CC BY 3.0,
    By Max_Ryazanov, CC BY-SA 3.0,
    By MrPanyGoff - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0,
    By SkeLeBon - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0,
    By Papageizichta - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0,
    By Wknight94 - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0,
    By Captain_Blood - Own work; The Macedonian Empire, 336-323 B.C. AND Kingdoms of the Diadochi in 301 BC and 200 BC. Historical Atlas by William R. Shepherd, 1911. Courtesy of the University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin., CC BY-SA 3.0,
    By Mikhail Malykh, CC BY 3.0,
    By Oliver-Bonjoch - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0,
    By La Cancillería de Ecuador - This file has been extracted from another file: FRANCISCOECUADOR.png, CC BY-SA 2.0,
    By © Jebulon; Edit by Norbert Nagel (Modifications: Light, colours, crop), CC BY-SA 3.0,
    By Ern - Flickr, CC BY-SA 2.0,
    By Wolfgang Sauber - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0,
    By Felipe Gabaldón - originally posted to Flickr as Gran Vía (Madrid), CC BY 2.0,
    By Martin Falbisoner - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0,
    By The Opte Project - Originally from the English Wikipedia; description page is/was here., CC BY 2.5,
    By Rrakanishu - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0,
    By DS28 - File:Roman Empire 125 general map.SVG, CC BY-SA 4.0,
    By Thomas Wolf, CC BY-SA 3.0,
    By Erik Drost - Cleveland Skyline, CC BY 2.0,
    By Whoisjohngalt - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0,
    By User:Beatrice - Own work, CC BY-SA 2.0 it,
    By Ian Alexander - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0,
    By Daniele Florio from Rome, ITALY - Ancient Bar, Pompei, CC BY 2.0,
    By lyzadanger - flickr.com, CC BY-SA 2.0,

  • 11. Byzantium - Last of the Romans

    1:46:35

    On the outskirts of modern Istanbul, a line of ancient walls lies crumbling into the earth...

    In this episode, we look at one of history’s most incredible stories of survival - the thousand-year epic of the Byzantine Empire. Find out how this civilization suffered the loss of its Western half, and continued the unbroken legacy of Rome right through the middle ages. Hear about how it formed a bridge between two continents, and two ages, and learn how the impregnable walls of Constantinople were finally brought crashing to the ground.

    This episode we're joined by members of the St Sophia Greek Orthodox Cathedral Choir in London, and a number of musicians playing traditional Byzantine instruments.

    WATCH PART 1 HERE:

    All original music for this episode available to download to Patreon subscribers:

    Credits:

    Sound engineering by Thomas Ntinas

    Voice Actors:

    Nicolas Rixon
    Annie Kelly
    Cleo Madeleine
    Peter Walters
    Lachlan Lucas
    David Kelly

    3D reconstructions of Constantinople by Evren Öztürk:
    LinkedIn:

    3D reconstructions of the Theodosian Walls by Tarik Tamyurek:
    LinkedIn:

    Timelapses of Istanbul kindly provided by Cüneyt Karaahmetoğlu under a Creative Commons (CC BY 3.0) license

    Original Music by: Pavlos Kapralos (
    [Also heard Petros Peloponnesios' Nihavend Pesrev and the ecclesiastical hymn Agne Parthene Despina]

    Musicians:
    Monooka (Monica Lucia Madas): Vocals
    Alexandros Koustas: Lyra (kemence)
    Konstantinos Glynos: Qanun
    Theofilos Lais: Cretan lyra
    Dario Papavassiliou: Santouri (greek santur)
    Pavlos Kapralos: Oud

    Chanters from the St Sophia Greek Orthodox Cathedral:
    Michael Georgiou
    Alexandros Gikas
    Matthew Tomko
    Stephanos Thomaides
    Pavlos Kapralos

    Other music by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) Source: incompetech.com/

    Title theme: Home At Last by John Bartmann.

  • 15 Ancient Technologies Far Too Advanced For Their Time

    11:32

    Today we're going to take a look at some of the most fascinating technologies and inventions of the past that you probably haven't heard of.
    There are actually quite a few ingenious inventions that were really far advanced for their time.

    ▬ Sources ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬

    Some of the used pictures and videos are from Adobe Stock, Shutterstock, Videoblocks, Bigstock and similar websites.

    Heron's ball:

    Antikythera Mechanism:

    For business or copyright matters please contact us at: info@justnize.de

  • The Origins of the Sumerians

    18:58

    In this episode we bring you the origins of the Sumerians.

    We know who they are and what they achieved but what do we know about where they came from and who they actually were?

    For millennia, the southern part of the Mesopotamia has been a wetland region generated by the Tigris and Euphrates rivers before flowing into the Gulf. This area has been occupied by human communities since ancient times and the present-day inhabitants, the Marsh Arabs, are considered the population with the strongest link to ancient Sumerians. Popular tradition, however, considers the Marsh Arabs as a foreign group, of unknown origin, which arrived in the marshlands when the rearing of water buffalo was introduced to the region.

    And so we explore DNA studies, history, modern Iraqis, the Marsh Arabs and so very much more to track the genetic footprints of the Sumerians.

    Original Article: In search of the genetic footprints of Sumerians: a survey of Y-chromosome and mtDNA variation in the Marsh Arabs of Iraq.



    Check out the awesome work of our narrator and contributor DW Draffin!

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  • World History by a Jew ™ - Biblical Deborah: Sea Peoples in Northern Israel - Z13 by Seth Fleishman

    34:26

    Topic: Biblical Deborah: Sea Peoples in Northern Israel (in memory of RBG) - Z13 by Seth Fleishman

    Synopsis:  This lecture is the sixth part of our Bronze Age Collapse series. It's in memory of Ruth Bader Ginsburg (RBG) a''h, as we explore an amazing Jewish woman and judge: Deborah. By reviewing her story, we will solve an ancient mystery regarding the settlement of Sea Peoples in northern Israel after the Bronze Age Collapse. We'll be focusing on two groups of Sea People specifically: the Shardana (Sherden) and the Tjeker (Tjekker). With the help of Deborah in the Book of Judges, we will learn about her foes, and then we'll utilize the latest archaeological discoveries to identify these people and their origins. 

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  • The Sea Peoples Explained: Atlantians, Giants or Mycenaeans?

    14:16

    #theseapeoples #fomorion #mycenaeons

    There is a ancient historical anomaly that comes in the form of a mysterious race of people known as ‘The Sea Peoples’ who over a period of 175 years executed a series of apocalyptic incursions against the countries of ancient Syria, Egypt, Libya and the rest of the Eastern Mediterranean, before disappearing back into the seas. Who were these people? Where were they from? And are they of natural, or supernatural origins?

    Show your support for this channel by not only help keeping it running, but help me take it to Netflix levels of production with a small contribution on Patreon

    Sources:

    History dot com
    Who Were The Sea Peoples

    Jason Colavito
    Atlantis And The Sea Peoples

    Wilhelm von Christ,
    Treatises of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences

    Newsweek
    Biblical Philistines Sea Peoples Dna

    Patternsofevidence
    Ancient Sea Peoples Tablet Deciphered Are They The Biblical Philistines

    Dr. Spyridon Marinatos
    The Excavation of Akrotiri

    Clyde E. Billington
    Goliath And The Exodus Giants

    Eberhard Zangger
    WWZ (Article in New Scientist)

    Ignatius Donnelly
    Atlantis: The Antediluvian World

    Cogniarche
    On Fomorions, Pomorions and Sea Peoples.

    Chapters:
    0:00 Episode Preview
    0:44 Intro
    3:54 The Atlantian Hypothesis
    6:06 The Mycenaeans, Atlantian, Philistine Connection
    7:22 A Lost Luwian Civilization
    8:49 The Fomorian Giants of Morocco

    Music by

    Scott Buckley


    Nikas K
    Ugasanie - Black Sun

    Domikor


    Vadim Krakhmal


    CinematicWaves

  • Trade and the Bronze Age Collapse | Dr. Louise Hitchcock

    7:16

    Welcome to episode five of the series NAUE II SWORDS, GERMS, & IRON brought to us by none other than Dr. Louise Hitchcock and this episode is going to be about Climate Change and the Bronze Age collapse.

    In this brief presentation we discuss the Trade Networks and Economic downfall of the Bronze Age Collapse.

    At first we backtrack and talk about how large and expansive indirect and direct trade in the Late Bronze Age World.

    How far were people traveling? What kind of items were being traded?

    And finally we talk modern parallels and similarities to the Bronze Age Collapse and the Great Depression.

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    Academia profile where you can access her work that is free to the public.

    Get her books here!

    Aegean Art and Architecture:


    Minoan Architecture: A Contextual Analysis:


    Theory for Classics:


    DAIS: The Aegean Feast





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    Image credits: Manna Nader, Gabana Studios Cairo

    Hittite 3D City and intro footage credits: 3D reconstruction of Imperial Hittite Karkemish by Giampaolo Luglio, Turco-Italian Archaeological Expedition to Karkemish directed by Nicolò Marchetti (University of Boologna)

    KARKEMISH (Carchemish) 1300 BC (3D) -The Southern Capital of the Empire Hittite



    Music Attribution: Herknungr - Megaliths | Dark Neolithic Meditive Shamanic Ambient Music

  • Indo European Origins of the Ancient Mediterranean | Dr. Fred Woudhuizen.

    41:25

    This episode is based off of the paper Indo-Europeanization in the Mediterranean by Dr. Fred Woudhuizen.

    In this presentation Dr. Woudhuizen patiently guides to the origins of the Indo European migrations and the impacts they had in the Ancient Mediterranean and Anatolia.

    We discuss some questions that are not satisfied by simple answers such as what languages existed among indigenous populations before the arrival of Indo Europeans.

    Dialectal Tendencies in Indo-European Language.

    What they brought to the playing field such as technology, language, writing systems and the tank of the ancient world touching on the dispersal of Chariot-warfare, Circa. 1720-1650 B.C.

    We also discuss Northern immigrants and migrations into Greece, Anatolia and the Levant.

    How important was the horse in Indo European religions and cultures?

    The earliest Indo Europeans in Anatolia.

    Trifunctional Religious Ideology among Indo-European Population Groups of the3rd and 2nd Millennia BC and then we speculate as to why Indo European groups expanded their pantheon of deities from a typical three to in some cases hundreds if not thousands of gods and goddesses.

    Lastly, we discuss the legacy of the Indo Europeans and what Dr. Woudhuizen has learned about them and what has stood out the most throughout his years of research.


    Link to original article Indo-Europeanization in the Mediterranean, with particular attention to the fragmentary languages.



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    Music by Pawl D. Beats.

  • Its Edwins Monday Evening Rant #6

    41:50

    My latest chat with property insider Edwin Alemida.



    DFA live tomorrow:

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    Caveat Emptor! Note: this is NOT financial or property advice!!

  • Institutions And Intellectual Dark Matter

    58:32

    The knowledge fueling civilization's function is mostly hidden. Like dark matter in space, we can infer its existence without detecting it directly. Samo Burja discusses the role played by intellectual dark matter in past and contemporary civilizations, ranging from lost ancient Greek texts and modern steel production, to the Bronze Age collapse and centralization of semiconductor fabrication plants. Q&A moderated by futurist Peter Schwartz.

    This talk was presented at the Interval at the Long Now in February 2019. Original talk:

    Samo Burja is a sociologist and the founder of Bismarck Analysis, a firm that analyzes institutions from governments to companies. His research work focuses on the causes of societal decay and flourishing. He writes on history, epistemology and strategy.

    More from Samo Burja:


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